VEGAN RESOURCES

This page has links to other websites that provide more information about being vegan and helping animals. My primary focus with this website is the animals who are used and slaughtered to create and become food for humans, because they represent over 99% of animals who are exploited, harmed, and killed unnecessarily by humans. But there is much more to veganism than just food choices. Click on an organization’s logo to go directly to that organization’s website.

 

The information on this page is separated into the following sections. Click on the section title to go directly to that section.

FREE VEGAN STARTER KITS

VEGAN MEAT, DAIRY, & EGG ALTERNATIVES

VEGAN MEALS & RECIPES​

VEGAN SHOPPING & CRUELTY-FREE ALTERNATIVES

VEGAN ACTIVISM ORGANIZATIONS

VEGAN ACTIVISTS TO FOLLOW

 

VEGAN NEWS & CURRENT EVENTS

VEGAN & PLANT-BASED NUTRITION

SCIENTIFIC STUDIES​ ON A VEGAN DIET

VEGAN & PLANT-BASED ATHLETES

VEGAN FITNESS & BODYBUILDING

VEGAN DOCUMENTARY FILMS​

INSPIRATIONAL SPEECHES ABOUT GOING VEGAN

VIDEOS OF HOW “FOOD” ANIMALS ARE TREATED

CLIMATE CHANGE & THE ENVIRONMENT

HUMAN HUNGER & STARVATION

ANIMAL AGRICULTURE STANDARD PRACTICES

UNITED STATES FEDERAL & STATE LAWS

DATA & STATISTICS

 

FREE VEGAN STARTER KITS

 

If you need help figuring out what to eat and how to live vegan, click on one of the images below for a vegan start kit, or simply ask a vegan! We’ve all been through this process. We will help you! We want to help you, not just because we care about the animals—but also because we care about YOU. We know that you don’t want to be contributing to the suffering and slaughter of lovable animals. That’s not who you are!

 

Every day it gets easier to live vegan, because vegan products and services are becoming more available every day. There are now affordable, healthy, vegan alternatives to all animal products. You just have to look for them. And every day there are more people who decide to live vegan. You have a support system. There are many online social media groups that you may join for advice, inspiration, and support.

 

Being vegan is simply about being compassionate. YOU CAN DO IT!!! Ask for help if you need it. All vegans will tell you that the one regret they have is not going vegan sooner.

Click on the images below for FREE Vegan Starter Kits!

 

These guides will help you understand the basics of veganism, as well as HOW to go vegan, with simple, practical steps to help you implement the change right away.

Vegan Starter Kit
Vegan Stater Kit
Vegan Starter Kit
Vegan Starter Kit
Vegan Starter Kit
Vegan Starter Kit
 

VEGAN MEAT, DAIRY,

& EGG ALTERNATIVES

Here are some leading vegan businesses that specialize in vegan food and beverages. Click on the company names to go to the company websites. Many of them will ship directly to you, and you may always ask for these brands and products at your local grocery stores and restaurants. You will find store locators on many of these websites, to let you know where to find these products locally.

 

Please note that the following businesses are vegan, but the business owners or investors are involved with other businesses or brands that use animal products: Daiya, Earth Balance, Field Roast/Chao, Gardein, Lightlife, Silk, So Delicious, and Violife.

VEGAN MEAT

 

There are now many delicious, healthier vegan alternatives to meat that are widely available. Below these logos are links to companies that make vegan meat. Go to the websites for more information. Many of them will ship directly to you, or you may order these products from online shopping platforms. And you may always ask for these brands and products at your local grocery stores and restaurants. You will find store locators on many of these websites, to let you know where to find these products locally.

VEGAN MEAT

HERE ARE 29 COMPANIES THAT MAKE VEGAN MEAT!

* Please note that Field Roast products are all vegan, but the brand is owned by Maple Leaf Foods, which sells animal products.

 

** Please note that while Impossible Foods products are vegan, the company did conduct animal testing for one ingredient, and actually killed 188 rats.

 

*** Please note that all products by Gardein, Lightlife, and Earth Balance are vegan, but these brands are owned by Conagra Brands, Inc., which sells animal products.

 

† Please note that not all Morningstar Farms products are vegan; however, the brand is currently phasing in vegan versions of its products, and by 2021, the company states that all of its products will be vegan.

VEGAN JERKY

 

There is a surprising variety of delicious vegan jerky!

 

 

VEGAN CHEESE

 

Vegan cheese is all the rage now! Below these logos are links to 59 companies that make vegan cheese. Go to the websites for more information. Many of them will ship directly to you, or you may order these products from online shopping platforms. And you may always ask for these brands and products at your local grocery stores and restaurants. You will find store locators on many of these websites, to let you know where to find these products locally.

VEGAN CHEESE

HERE ARE 59 COMPANIES THAT SPECIALIZE IN VEGAN CHEESE!

SNACKABLE VEGAN CHEESE!

 

Cheese with crackers, fruit, or by itself (with wine!) is a traditional snack, and now there are many choices of vegan cheese that come as wedges, blocks, wheels, and cubes! Snackable vegan cheese is an excellent holiday gift!

 

  • Catalyst Creamery: Ghost Pepper & Fried Onion or Dill Havarti Hemp Milk Cheese Wedge

  • Daiya††: Cheeze Blocks (several varieties including Medium Cheddar, Jalapeño Havarti, Monterey Jack Flavor, and Smoked Gouda

  • The FrauxmagerieBotanic Boka Cheddar or Greek Feta Cultured Artisan Cheese

  • Good Planet FoodsSnackable Plant-Based Cheese Wedges (Original, Pepper Jack, and Smoked Gouda)

  • Jule’s Food: Brie

  • The Kinda Co.Block Cheese (several varieties including Cranberry, Garlic + Herb, and Spirulina Blue)

  • Miyoko’sOrganic Cashew Milk Artisan Cheese Wheels (several varieties including Classic Chive, Sundried Tomato Garlic, Garlic Herb, and French Style Winter Truffle)

  • Myracle Kitchen’s Caramel, Chocolate, or Original Coconut Bytes

  • Nuts for CheeseOrganic Super Blue or Black Garlic Wedge

  • Reine RoyalVegan Artisan Cheese Rounds (several varieties including Sharp Cheddar, Smoked Gouda, Chipotle, Cracked Pepper Dill, and Raspberry Sage)

  • RINDAged French-Style Plant-Based Cheese Wedges (several varieties including Paprika, Herb, Classic Cambleu, Garlic Mustard Greens, Bleu, and Bloody Mary)

  • SriMuvery fancy artisanal NOT cheeses (several varieties including Bertie, Gold Alchemy, Elder, Dolce Vita, Spire, and Cloud 9)

  • TreelineAged Artisanal Plant-Based Cheese Wheels

  • The UncreameryClassic Vegan Brie Wheel

  • The UncreameryVegan Cheese Blocks (several varieties including Dill Havarti, Ghost Pepper Jack, and Smoked Gouda)

  • The Very Good Cheese CompanyPlant-Based Cheese Blocks (several varieties including Pepper Jack, Cheddah, Goud AF, and Dill’ish with Garlic)

  • VevanMarinated Mozza-Bites or Marinated Mozza-Bites Antipasti

  • VevanP’Jack Snax (bite-size cubes with cranberries and almonds) or Lemon Poppyseed Snax (bite-size cubes with poppyseeds, lemon, dried blueberries, and cashews)

  • Violife‡: Vegan Just Like Feta Block

  • Violife‡: Vegan Just Like Parmesan Wedge

  • Virgin CheeseOrganic Artisan Cheese Rounds (several varieties including Lemon Dill, Feta, Smoked Gouda, Sriracha Cheddar, Bleu, and Sharp White Cheddar)

  • VromageDairy-Free Cheese Blocks (several varieties including Veganzola, Cranberry, Feta Herb, Feta Basil, Camembert, and Brie Fresh Truffle)

  • VtopianArtisan Cultured Vegan Cheese Blocks and Wedges (several varieties including Aged White Cheddar, Aged Black Garlic, Smokey Cheddar, Caramelized Onion & Camembert, Basil Brie, and Dark Chocolate Strawberry Brie)

  • Wendy’s Nutty CheeseArtisan Cashew Cheese Blocks and Wedges (several varieties including Almond Cheddar, Blueberry Rum de Fleur, Cold Smoked Applewood, Drunken Red Cheddar, Port Wine Cheddar, Cold Smoked Hickory Cheddar, Fig & Fennel, Roasted Garlic, and Champagne & Truffle)

* Please note that Chao (Field Roast) products are all vegan, but the brand is owned by Maple Leaf Foods, which sells animal products.

 

†† Please note that Daiya products are all vegan, but the brand is owned by Otsuka Pharmaceutical, which tests on animals.

 

‡ Please note that Violife products are all vegan, but the brand is owned by private equity giant KKR (Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts & Co.), which has investments in pharmaceutical companies that test on animals, and investments in companies that sell animals products.

‡‡ Please note that Silk and So Delicious products are all vegan, but these companies are owned by Danone North America, a subsidiary of Danone S.A., a  multinational corporation that sells animal products.

 
 

VEGAN ALTERNATIVES TO DAIRY PRODUCTS

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has changed its definitions of the terms “dairy-free” and “non-dairy” over the years. “Dairy-free” now means the complete absence of all dairy derivatives including lactose (milk sugar) and casein/caseinate (milk protein). “Non-dairy” refers to products, such as non-dairy whipped topping and non-dairy creamers, which MAY contain a caseinate milk derivative. Because the FDA states that labeling must be truthful and cannot be misleading, it is safe to assume that a product labeled “dairy-free” is made without dairy ingredients, but you should read the ingredient label to be sure. Look for the word “contains” on the ingredient label. If the product includes any dairy at all, the manufacturer is required to print “Contains: Milk” with the ingredients. Also, the term “dairy-free” refers to the ingredients themselves, not the process or potential allergen cross-contamination in manufacturing. If that is a concern for you, contact the manufacturer and ask if the equipment used comes in contact with any dairy products.

PLANT MILKS

There is a wide variety of plant milks available everywhere: soy, almond, coconut, oat, hemp, spelt, rice, pea, pistachio, walnut, macadamia, flax, banana, cashew, hazelnut, quinoa, sesame, and more. Try a few until you find ones you love. Here are some of the most popular and widely-available brands that specialize in plant-based milks:

VEGAN BUTTER

VEGAN BUTTER

There are many alternatives to butter that are made from coconut oil, sunflower oil, and other ingredients such as cashews and avocados.

Most margarines and many butter alternatives contain palm oil because it is cheap, solid at room temperature, and free of trans fats. Palm oil does not come from animals, but palm oil is not vegan because it directly harms and kills wild animals, and causes significant damage to the environment. Palm oil comes from the fruit of the oil palm tree. According to the United Nations, palm oil plantations are now the leading cause of rainforest destruction in Malaysia and Indonesia. These areas account for 85% of palm oil production. The burning of forests to clear land for palm oil plantations kills wildlife (especially orangutans), and causes major detrimental environmental consequences. Orangutans will go extinct unless action is taken to preserve forests in Indonesia and Malaysia where they live.

 

The good news is that these butter alternatives contain no palm oil:

Forager Project’s Buttery Spread

Kite Hill’s European Style Butter Alternative

Milkadamia’s Salted Buttery Spread

Miyoko’s Cultured Vegan Butter

Om Sweet Home’s Non-Dairy Butter Alternative

Wayfare’s Foods Dairy-Free Salted, Whipped Butter

Wildbrine’s European-Style Butter or Wild Creamery Oat Butter Alternative

 

Earth Balance*** makes a popular vegan butter, but it contains palm oil. According to the company, “Any palm oil used in Earth Balance products comes from Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) member organizations, committed to environmentally and socially responsible palm oil production.”

VEGAN CREAMERS & SWEETENERS

Some of the most popular and widely-available vegan creamers include the following:

White sugar (also called cane sugar, table sugar, granulated sugar, or regular sugar) is not vegan because it is processed through bone char, a decolorizing filter that is made from the bones of cows and other animals. This refining process is what makes the sugar white, although some brown sugar also goes through this process. Instead of sugar, try fructose (sugar from fruit), Stevia (a very sweet natural sweetener made from plant extract), raw/unbleached sugars, maple syrup, molasses, or agave. Suzanne’s Specialties has a wide variety of vegan and organic sweeteners that you may order to be shipped to you.

VEGAN CREAM CHEESE

  • Daiya††: Cream Cheeze Style Spreads (Plain, Strawberry, Chive & Onion, and Roasted Garlic & Herb)

  • DarëFrench Onion Cream Cheese

  • Dr-CowChive Cashew Cream Cheese

  • Follow Your HeartDairy-Free Cream Cheese

  • Kite HillCream Cheese Alternative includes these varieties: Chive, Pumpkin Pie, Garden Veggie, and Everything

  • MiyokosVegan Cream Cheese includes these varieties: Cinnamon Raisin, Savory Scallion, Everything, and Fish-Free Lox

  • NafsikaCream Cheese with Garlic and Herbs

  • Reine RoyalGarlic Chive Cultured Vegan Cream Cheese

  • So Delicious‡‡: Cream Cheese Style Shred – Creamy Original and Chive & Onion

  • The Kinda Co.Cream Cheese Bundle includes these varieties: Farmhouse, Sour Creme + Chive, and Faux Lox + Dill

  • TofuttiBetter Than Cream Cheese

  • TreelinePlant-Based Cream Cheese includes these varieties: Plain, Strawberry, and Chive & Onion

  • ViolifeJust Like Cream Cheese includes these varieties: Original, Garlic & Herbs, and Cheddar

 

VEGAN CHEESE SPREADS & DIPS

 

  • Jule’s Food: Cashew Cheddar Spread, Cheddar Jalapeño Dip, and French Onion Dip and Ranch Dip

  • Kite Hill: Almond Milk Ricotta Alternative

  • Kite Hill: Ranch, Queso, French Onion, and Tzatziki Dips

  • Kite Hill: Spreadable Cheese

  • RIND: Aged French-Style Soft Cheese Spread

  • Treeline: Plant-Based Soft French-Style Cheeses includes these varieties: Herb Classic, Scallion, and Chipotle-Serrano pepper

  • Tofutti: Better Than Ricotta Cheese

  • Tofutti: Dippity Doo Dah Dips: French Onion, Garden Cucumber, and Roasted Garlic

VEGAN SOUR CREAM

 

VEGAN MAYONNAISE, SAUCES, & SALAD DRESSINGS

  • Daiya††: Dairy-Free Dressings (many varieties including Homestyle Ranch, Creamy Italian, Honey Flavored Mustard, Blue Cheeze, and Creamy Caesar)

  • Earth Balance***: Original or Olive Oil Mindful® Dressing & Sandwich Spread

  • Follow Your HeartSalad Dressings (many varieties including Ranch, Organic Caesar, Thousand Island, Honey Mustard, Creamy Garlic, Bleu Cheese, Organic Balsamic Vinaigrette, Organic Miso Ginger, and Reduced Fat Ranch)

  • Follow Your HeartVegenaise (many varieties including Avocado Oil , Grapeseed Oil , Reduced Fat , Organic Garlic Aïoli, Chipotle, Pesto, Sriracha)

  • Follow Your HeartVegenaise Horseradish Sauce

  • Follow Your HeartVegenaise Tartar Sauce

VEGAN YOGURT

  • Dr-CowCoconut Yogurt Plain

  • Follow Your HeartDairy-Free Plain or Vanilla Bean Yogurt

  • Kite HillAlmond Milk Yogurt (several varieties including Raspberry, Key Lime, Strawberry, Blueberry, and Peach)

  • Kite HillBlissful Coconut Yogurt

  • So Delicious‡‡: Coconut Yogurt Alternative (several varieties including Coco Almond Crunch, Spiced Blueberry, Salted Caramel Cluster, Key Lime Pie, Unsweetened Vanilla, Strawberry Banana, Chocolate, and Blueberry)

VEGAN ICE CREAM

VEGAN ICE CREAM

Ice cream made without milk is everywhere now. Even popular ice cream brands now have dairy-free varieties including Baskin-Robbins, Ben & Jerry’s, Breyers, Halo Top, Double Rainbow, and Häagen-Dazs. Whole Foods Market, Trader Joe’s, Target, and many grocery store chains now have dairy-free ice creams. These 16 companies make vegan ice cream:

VEGAN CHOCOLATE!

Delicious chocolate doesn’t have to contain bovine mammary secretions! Here are companies that make the best vegan chocolate...

The Food Empowerment Project has an extensive list of vegan products containing chocolate.

 

*** Please note that all products by Gardein, Lightlife, and Earth Balance are vegan, but these brands are owned by Conagra Brands, Inc., which sells animal products.

 

†† Please note that Daiya products are all vegan, but the brand is owned by Otsuka Pharmaceutical, which tests on animals.

 

‡ Please note that Violife products are all vegan, but the brand is owned by private equity giant KKR (Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts & Co.), which has investments in pharmaceutical companies that test on animals, and investments in companies that sell animals products.

‡‡ Please note that Silk and So Delicious products are all vegan, but these companies are owned by Danone North America, a subsidiary of Danone S.A., a  multinational corporation that sells animal products.

 

VEGAN EGGS

 

There are now many delicious, healthier vegan alternatives to eggs that are widely available. Below these logos are links to companies that make vegan eggs and egg replacers. Go to the websites for more information. Many of them will ship directly to you, or you may order these products from online shopping platforms. And you may always ask for these brands and products at your local grocery stores and restaurants. You will find store locators on many of these websites, to let you know where to find these products locally.

VEGAN EGGS

HERE ARE 21 COMPANIES THAT MAKE VEGAN EGGS!

BAKING WITHOUT EGGS

The products above that are marked with an * are best to use when baking. When you are baking, there are many alternatives you may use instead of eggs: vinegar and baking soda, applesauce, soy yogurt, silken tofu, a ripe mashed banana, aquafaba (the liquid that chickpeas are soaked in), ground flaxseed, chia seeds, arrowroot powder, or a combination of water, oil, and baking powder.

How To Replace Eggs
Egg Substitutions Vegan

VEGAN MEALS & RECIPES

 

Click on the images to go to the websites.

 
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Vegan Recipes
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Vegan Recipes

VEGAN SHOPPING & CRUELTY-FREE ALTERNATIVES

 

Click on the images to go to the websites.

What about alcohol? Some alcoholic beverages are not vegan because they are clarified and a processed with casein (a milk protein), albumin (egg whites), gelatin (animal protein), or isinglass (fish bladder protein). An excellent resource to determine If alcohol is free of animal products is Barnivore.

 
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Cruelty-free shopping vegan products
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VEGAN ACTIVISM ORGANIZATIONS

 

These are some of the many vegan activism organizations. Click on an image to go to the organization’s website.

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Vegan resources farm animals
Vegan resources farm animals
Beyond Animal
Vegan campaigns Veganuary
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Vegan resources farm animals
Toronto Pig Save
Compassionate Farming Education Initiati
Animals Deserve Absolute Protection Toda
Vegan resources farm animals
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Vegan lifestyle vegan inspiration
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Vegan resources farm animals
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Animal rights
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Animal rights
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Animal rights
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Vegan campaigns
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Vegan lifestyle vegan inspiration
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Animal rights
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VEGAN ACTIVISTS TO FOLLOW

 

These 20 vegan activists are some of the most prominent and influential online vegan content creators. They each have a unique perspective and cover different aspects of living vegan. Click on an image to go to each activist’s principal social media platform (for example, some are mainly active on YouTube, some tend to stick to Instagram and/or Facebook, and some have websites with links to multiple platforms).

Vegan Activists
Will Tuttle
David Ramms
Vegan Activists
Vegan Activists
Vegan Activists
Vegan Activists
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Vegan Activists
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VEGAN NEWS & CURRENT EVENTS

 

Click on an image to go to the organization’s website.

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VEGAN & PLANT-BASED NUTRITION

Abundant scientific research confirms that people who eat a vegan diet have a lower risk for cancer, obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and many more chronic diseases. The organizations below provide an abundance of peer-reviewed, evidence-based research and studies on plant-based nutrition.

 

THE ACADEMY OF NUTRITION AND DIETETICS

Vegan nutrition & scientific studies

Vegans are always being asked for proof that a vegan diet is healthy. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is the largest organization of healthcare professionals in the United States (and the world), representing over 100,000 credentialed practitioners. The Academy published a position paper in the December 2016 Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Volume 116, Issue 12, Pages 1970–1980), that affirms its official position that a vegan diet is best for human health and the environment. The Academy is the leading authority on diet and nutrition in the U.S., and is committed to improving the nation’s health and advancing the profession of dietetics through research, education, and advocacy.

 

The Academy states that humans have no inherent biological or nutritional need for animals or animal products, and that a vegan diet provides significant health benefits, may prevent and treat chronic diseases, and is best for overall health. The paper states that a vegan diet is “healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases.” Additionally, the Academy affirms that a vegan diet is “appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes.”

 

This position paper also includes a section on environmental issues, concluding not only that a vegan diet is more sustainable and less damaging to the environment, but also that animal agriculture negatively impacts the environment. The paper states, “Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage.”

 

Furthermore, according to the Academy, “Vegans are at reduced risk of certain health conditions, including ischemic heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, certain types of cancer, and obesity.”

 

And because characteristics of a vegan diet include “low intake of saturated fat and high intakes of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, soy products, nuts, and seeds (all rich in fiber and phytochemicals),” a vegan diet produces “lower total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and better serum glucose control. These factors contribute to reduction of chronic disease.” The Academy concludes that a vegan diet provides better nutrition than an omnivorous diet, as assessed by the Alternative Healthy Eating Index.

Here are some of the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics’ determinations regarding a vegan diet compared to other dietary patterns:

 

  • Vegans are at reduced risk for heart disease, and vegan diets seem to be the most beneficial in improving heart disease risk factors.

 

  • Vegans are at reduced risk for cancer, and a vegan diet provides greater protection against overall cancer incidence.

 

  • Vegans have a lower risk for type 2 diabetes, and a vegan diet serves as effective therapeutic tools in the management of type 2 diabetes.

 

  • Vegans are at reduced risk for hypertension, and have the lowest systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and the lowest rate of hypertension.

 

  • Vegans are at reduced risk for obesity, and a vegan diet is associated with the lowest body mass index.

 

  • Vegan diets typically meet or exceed recommended protein intakes, when caloric intakes are adequate. “The terms complete and incomplete are misleading in relation to plant protein. Protein from a variety of plant foods, eaten during the course of a day, supplies enough of all indispensable (essential) amino acids when caloric requirements are met.”

 

  • Vegan eat the most fiber, the least total fat and saturated fat, and have the healthiest body weights and cholesterol levels.​

 

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics used a large collection of studies and public surveys to arrive at its conclusions. There are 117 sources cited, and no potential conflicts of interest, nor any funding sources that could have created bias.

 

YOU MAY SEE THE ENTIRE STUDY AND DOWNLOAD A PDF HERE.

 
 

NUTRITION FACTS – DR. MICHAEL GREGER

Nutrition Facts Vegan

Nutrition Facts is a free, science-based public service website that provides evidence-based recommendations covering the nutritional features of a vegan diet. The goal of this website is to provide the results of peer-reviewed nutrition and health research, presented in a way that is easy to understand. There are health and nutrition videos covering more than 2,000 alphabetized topics.

 

According to Nutrition Facts founder Dr. Michael Greger, “A significant convergence of evidence suggests that plant-based diets can help prevent and even reverse some of the top killer diseases in the Western world and can be more effective than medication and surgery: Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and Parkinson’s disease. Plant-based eating may have a positive effect on abdominal fat, acne, aging, allergies, asthma, body-odor, cellulite, childhood IQ, cognition, dysmenorrheal, eczema, gut flora, fibromyalgia, kidney stones, metabolic syndrome, menstrual breast pain, mood, multiple sclerosis, oral health, rheumatoid arthritis, stools, waist circumference, and weight control. Plant-based eating also appears to help prevent abdominal aortic aneurysm, age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, Crohn’s disease, diverticulosis, gallstones, hiatal hernia, kidney stones, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and vaginal infections.”

In his 2015 presentation Food as Medicine: Preventing and Treating the Most Common Diseases with Diet, Dr. Greger addresses how animal-dependent diets cause many diseases, and how vegan diets can prevent and even reverse the leading causes of illness and death.

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The most ethical diet is vegan

HOW NOT TO DIE

 

Dr. Michael Greger’s book How Not to Die examines the 15 top causes of death in America, and explains how nutrition and lifestyle changes are superior and healthier to prescription pills and medical procedures. Dr. Greger backs up his claims with peer-reviewed scientific evidence, showing that a vegan diet is what we need to live longer, healthier lives.

 

In this 2016 videohe discusses the book.

 

There is also an animated summary of How Not to Die.

Dr. Greger discusses “Why Doctors Don't Recommend Veganism” in this video. 

 

Dr. Greger lectures on the leading causes of death (meat, milk, and eggs) in this video.

PHYSICIANS COMMITTEE FOR RESPONSIBLE MEDICINE

Vegan nutrition & scientific studies
Vegan nutrition & scientific studies

“The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine is a non-profit organization that focuses on medical research and advocacy for animals, encouraging “higher standards of ethics and effectiveness in research.”

 

PCRM provides health and nutrition literature and facts sheets, and a 21-Day Vegan Kickstart program that features tips, daily meal plans, nutrition information, and other activities that make going vegan easy.

 

In 2015, The Physicians Committee opened the Barnard Medical Center, which implements PCRM’s clinical research and education about the link between diet and health. The center focuses on prevention and integrating nutrition into patient care.

T. COLIN CAMPBELL CENTER FOR NUTRITION STUDIES

Vegan nutrition & scientific studies

The mission of the T. Colin Campbell Center for Nutrition Studies is “to promote optimal nutrition through science-based education, advocacy, and research,” emphasizing living a “whole life” by maintaining health and building happiness, “a life scientifically proven to be achieved by doing a very simple thing: understanding and implementing a whole food, plant-based diet.”

The website features whole-food, plant-based resources including indepth articles, recipes, a free monthly newsletter, and information about the online Certificate in Plant-Based Nutrition program, a nationally-recognized comprehensive plant-based nutrition education program, with lessons from more than 25 experts, including Dr. T. Colin Campbell.

 

The T. Colin Campbell Center for Nutrition Studies is based in Ithaca, New York, established to advocate Dr. T. Colin Campbell’s life-changing work in nutritional research, especially The China Study, the 2005 bestseller (updated and expanded in 2016), which he co-authored with his son Thomas Campbell, MD.

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China Study

THE CHINA STUDY: STARTLING IMPLICATIONS FOR DIET, WEIGHT LOSS, AND LONG-TERM HEALTH

The China Study is based on the 20-year China Project, the most comprehensive study of health and nutrition ever conducted. The project included 367 variables and 6,500 participants, and produced more than 8,000 statistically significant associations between lifestyle, dietary factors, and disease variables——clearly showing the damaging effects of diets high in animal protein, contrasted with the undeniable health benefits of a vegan diet. They also incorporate a wealth of additional research data from other sources.

The China Study provides irrefutable evidence of the health benefits of a vegan diet. The study was conducted jointly by the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Cornell University, and the University of Oxford, directed by T. Colin Campbell, PhD. He has received more than 70 grant years of peer-reviewed research funding and authored more than 300 research papers.

The researchers looked at diets, lifestyles, disease characteristics, and mortality rates of 6,500 people in China, and concluded that people who eat primarily animal-based foods are more likely to suffer from chronic diseases than people who eat vegan foods, and that people who eat vegan foods both minimize and actually REVERSE the development of chronic diseases.

 

The researchers emphasize a clear, significant correlation between the consumption of meat, milk, and eggs and many ailments: heart disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity, osteoporosis, Type 2 diabetes, and more——concluding that diets high in animal protein are strongly linked to chronic disease.

Some of the most significant findings, which have been published in the most reputable scientific journals, include the following:

 

  • Heart disease can be reversed with a vegan diet! Patients with coronary heart disease who eat a whole-foods, plant-based diet can stop the progression of the disease. In fact, the clogged arteries of 70% of the participants actually opened. Reducing the consumption of animal protein is more significant than reducing the consumption of saturated fat.

  • The growth of cancer cells can actually be turned on and off by increasing and decreasing quantities of casein, the protein found in cow milk.

  • Dairy consumption increases the risk of prostate cancer.

“What made this project especially remarkable is that, among the many associations that are relevant to diet and disease, so many pointed to the same finding: People who ate the most animal-based foods got the most chronic disease. Even relatively small intakes of animal-based food were associated with adverse effects. People who ate the most plant-based foods were the healthiest and tended to avoid chronic disease. These results could not be ignored. From the initial experimental animal studies on animal protein effects to this massive human study on dietary patterns, the findings proved to be consistent. The health implications of consuming either animal or plant-based nutrients were remarkably different... The distinctions between government, industry, science, and medicine have become blurred. The distinctions between making a profit and promoting health have become blurred... The result is massive amounts of misinformation, for which average American consumers pay twice. They provide the tax money to do the research, and then they provide the money for their health care to treat their largely preventable diseases.”

~ DR.  T. COLIN CAMPBELL, THE CHINA STUDY: THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF NUTRITION EVER CONDUCTED

The China Study’s conclusion is simple: If you want to live a healthy, long life, choose a vegan diet.

From the Introduction to The China Study:

 

“Even though information and opinions are plentiful, very few people truly know what they should be doing to improve their health. This isn’t because the research hasn’t been done. It has. We know an enormous amount about the links between nutrition and health. But the real science has been buried beneath a clutter of irrelevant or even harmful information—junk science, fad diets, and food industry propaganda. I want to change that. I want to give you a new framework for understanding nutrition and health, a framework that eliminates confusion, prevents and treats disease, and allows you to live a more fulfilling life. I have been ‘in the system’ for almost sixty years, often at the very highest levels, designing and directing large research projects, deciding which research gets funded, and translating massive amounts of scientific research into national expert-panel reports. After a long career in research, policy making, and lecturing to a wide variety of public and professional audiences, I now understand why Americans are so confused. As a taxpayer who foots the bill for research and health policy in America, you deserve to know that many of the common notions you have been told about food, health, and disease are wrong...”

“The China Study...unearths surprising answers to the most important nutritional questions of our time: What really causes cancer? How can we extend our lives? What will turn around the obesity epidemic? The China Study...represents a major turning-point in our understanding of health.”

~ Neal Barnard, MD, President, Physician’s Committee for Responsible Medicine

Meat & dairy cause cancer
Animal protein causes cancer

Click on the images above to watch Dr. T. Colin Campbell present the overwhelming evidence that animal protein causes cancer.

 

DR. MICHAEL KLAPER

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Dr. Michael Klaper is a leading educator in plant-based nutrition and ending animal cruelty worldwide. His website offers a variety of nutritional health resources, including answers to frequently asked health questions, videos, recipes, news and events, and “Healthy YOU Webinars” about how to achieve optimal health and well-being.

“Practicing primary care medicine for over 40 years has taught me many things, but chief among them is that health and disease are not a matter of chance. As a wise professor told me in medical school, ‘People do not get diseases, they earn them!’... The adage ‘By age 20 you have the face that Nature gave you; by age 50, you have the face your choices gave you’ is, indeed, true——and holds throughout the body. By age 50, we have the arteries, the heart, the skin, the colon and the brain that our choices have given us.” 

Dr. Michael Klaper

DR. MCDOUGALL’S HEALTH & MEDICAL CENTER

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Dr. John McDougall is a nutrition expert who recommends a low-fat, no oil, starch-based, vegan diet. His website features the latest information on health-related topics, success stories from people with medical issues who have improved their health, and information on specific health problems and nutrition.

Dr. McDougall offers a free program that has all of the information to successfully improve health and well-being, which includes a vegan diet. The program emphasizes “the exclusion of animal foods, including red meat, poultry, dairy products, eggs, and fish——all of which provide toxic levels of fat, cholesterol, protein and, very often, infectious agents and harmful chemicals.”

The program emphasizes the following:

  • Animal foods have little nutritional value.

  • Protein from animal sources damages the human body.

  • Americans consume far too much protein (which overworks the liver and kidneys).

  • Plants provide all of the essential amino acids needed for the human body to build protein.

  • Cow milk is an inferior source of calcium.

  • For optimum health, humans need adequate complex carbohydrates, which are simply not found in animal sources.

Dr. McDougall discusses “Why Doctors Don’t Recommend Veganism” in this video.

NOT MILK

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The goal of NOT Milk is to educate the public about the detrimental effects of consuming cow milk, with resources including studies that link milk to a long list of diseases.

 

“We are breaking down the greatest myth in America: that milk does a body good. By establishing a stance against the dairy industry and the tens of billions of dollars spent in propaganda activities...we will tell America the other side of the milk story... The dairy industry has invested an immense amount of money, and Americans are still getting sick, breaking bones, getting cancer and osteoporosis. The secret to the ‘Fountain of Youth’ is giving up milk and dairy products.”

Also featured on the website is Dr. Robert M. Kradjian’s article “The Milk Letter – A Message to My Patients,” which focuses on three sources of information regarding the human consumption of cow milk: a study of nature, the history of the human species, and the world’s scientific literature on the subject of milk. Dr. Kradjian references many studies, and concludes that cow milk is not healthy for humans and that it interferes with calcium absorption due to excess protein. He advises, “Don’t drink milk for health. I am convinced on the weight of the scientific evidence that...milk will only reduce your diet’s nutritional value and safety.”

 

SCIENTIFIC STUDIES ON A VEGAN DIET

 

Below are several peer-reviewed, evidence-based studies about the benefits of a vegan diet. These studies clearly link a vegan diet with improved health outcomes, including protective benefits against cancer, heart disease, and many diseases.

 

It has been proven repeatedly that a predominantly plant-based diet is optimal for human health and that diseases can be prevented and even reversed with a vegan diet. There are no nutrients in animal-based foods that are not better provided by plants, including protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. (The one exception is vitamin B12, which does not occur naturally in animal products, and can be supplied via fortified food sources such as plant beverages, cereals, and nutritional yeast, or with a supplement.)

If you are unaware of the overwhelming scientific evidence supporting a vegan diet, that may be because...well, guess who doesn’t want you to know the truth! The animal agriculture industry, as well as the media, the government, politicians, the education system, and the healthcare industry, because they all accept funding from the animal agriculture industry. That’s right: It’s all about money for all of these corporate entities——not about the animals, not about our world, and not about your health! Please really think about that. IF YOU ARE UNAWARE OF THE SCIENCE, THEN YOU DO NOT HAVE AN INFORMED OPINION. Simply do some research. And what about the studies stating that animal flesh, organs, and bodily secretions are healthy for humans to consume? Those studies are funded by the meat, dairy, and/or egg industries! Please really think about that too.

Vegan nutrition & scientific studies

A 2014 study on health and disease outcomes found that while vegetarians consistently have lower risks for cardiovascular diseases, cardiometabolic risk factors, some cancers, and total mortality, further avoidance of eggs and dairy products may offer additional benefits. The researchers concluded that compared to vegetarian diets, vegan diets provide added protection against obesity, hypertension, type-2 diabetes, and cardiovascular mortality.

A 2015 study examined the association between dietary patterns and prostate cancer incidence, and found that a vegan diet showed a statistically significant protective connection to a lower risk of prostate cancer. Participants who switched to a vegan diet either stopped the progression of their cancer or reversed the illness entirely.

A 2016 systematic review with meta-analysis of observational studies compared multiple health outcomes in vegetarian and vegan diets, and concluded that consuming a vegan diet significantly reduces risk of both cardiovascular disease and cancer. The overall analysis also revealed significantly reduced levels of body mass index, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and glucose levels in vegetarians and vegans, compared to omnivores. Incidence of cancer for those following a vegetarian diet was lower than an omnivorous diet, and was even lower still in those who followed a vegan diet. The analysis conducted among vegans reported a significant reduced risk of incidence from total cancer.

A 2014 study found that high protein intake, especially from animal sources, is linked to increased cancer, diabetes, and overall mortality, and that a diet in which plant-based nutrients represent the majority of the food intake is likely to maximize health benefits in all age groups. The researchers also concluded that protein from plant sources is associated with lower mortality than animal-derived protein.

A 2016 study found that a vegan diet is associated with a substantially lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The researchers recommend a shift to diets rich in healthy plant foods.

The first study of thousands of vegans in the United States was published in 2009. Comparing the body mass index of vegans to that of meat-eaters and vegetarians, the researchers found that vegans had 40% less body fat and achieved healthy weight.

A 2014 study about nutrition and cancer concluded that limiting or avoiding dairy products reduces the risk of prostate cancer; that avoiding red and processed meat reduces the risk of colon and rectal cancer; and that avoiding grilled, fried, and broiled meats reduces the risk of colon, rectal, breast, prostate, kidney, and pancreatic cancer. The researchers emphasize eating fruits and vegetables to reduce the risk of several types of cancer.

A 2014 study led by Dr. John McDougall found that a low-fat, starch-based, free-feeding vegan diet eaten for seven days led to consistent reductions in total cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose, and that adherence to the diet used in the study would reduce participants’ risk of a cardiovascular disease and metabolic diseases, based on commonly tested biomarkers that are used to predict such future risks.

The largest study examining the effects of different sources of dietary protein, conducted in 2016,  found that high intake of protein from animal sources (including meat, milk, and eggs) was associated with a higher mortality rate, while a high intake of protein from plant sources was associated with a lower risk of death.

A 2015 study from the Cleveland Clinic found that a vegan diet was more effective in cardiovascular disease risk reduction (including reducing factors such as weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels) than the diet recommended by the American Heart Association. The researchers concluded that a vegan diet can help reduce the likelihood a future cardiovascular event in both children and adults.

A 2016 study by Oxford University is the first to estimate both the health and climate change impacts of a global move toward a vegan diet. The researchers found that veganism is the key to saving the planet and millions of lives. The researchers modeled the effects of four different global dietary scenarios and found that by 2050, if the entire world became vegan, 8.1 million fewer humans would die per year, healthcare savings would be $700 billion to $1 trillion per year, and food-related greenhouse gas emissions would be reduced by 70%.

Here are more of the thousands of studies (with links) proving that a vegan diet is optimal for humans...

Dietary protein intake and all-cause and cause-specific mortality: results from the Rotterdam Study and a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

C-reactive protein response to a vegan lifestyle intervention

Micronutrient Status of Recreational Runners with Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns

Micronutrient status and intake in omnivores, vegetarians and vegans in Switzerland

Methylmalonic Acid Levels and their Relation with Cobalamin Supplementation in Spanish Vegetarians

Vegan diets and hypothyroidism


A randomized crossover trial on the effect of plant-based compared with animal-based meat on trimethylamine-N-oxide and cardiovascular disease risk factors in generally healthy adults: Study With Appetizing Plantfood—Meat Eating Alternative Trial (SWAP-MEAT)

Acclaimed Diabetes Professors Publish Groundbreaking Results Using NFI Protocol

 

Food systems in a zero-deforestation world: Dietary change is more important than intensification for climate targets in 2050

Effect of Plant and Animal Based Foods on Prostate Cancer Risk

Dairy, soy, and risk of breast cancer: those confounded milks


Beyond Meatless, the Health Effects of Vegan Diets: Findings from the Adventist Cohorts

Vegetarian, vegan diets and multiple health outcomes: A systematic review with meta-analysis of observational studies

Are strict vegetarians protected against prostate cancer?


Plant-Based Dietary Patterns and Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in US Men and Women: Results from Three Prospective Cohort Studies
 

Applying the precautionary principle to nutrition and cancer


Effects of 7 days on an ad libitum low-fat vegan diet: the McDougall Program cohort


Plant-Based, No-Added-Fat or American Heart Association Diets: Impact on Cardiovascular Risk in Obese Children with Hypercholesterolemia and Their Parents
 

High animal protein intake associated with higher, plant protein with lower mortality rate

 

Type of Vegetarian Diet, Body Weight, and Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes

 

Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change

KAISER PERMANENTE RECOMMENDS A VEGAN DIET

 

In 2016, Kaiser Permanente, the leading healthcare provider in the United States, published an article in its medical science journal advocating that physicians recommend a vegan diet for all of their patients.

The article notes, “Healthy eating may be best achieved with a plant-based diet, which we define as a regimen that encourages whole, plant-based foods and discourages meats, dairy products, and eggs as well as all refined and processed foods... Physicians should consider recommending a plant-based diet to all their patients, especially those with high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or obesity... Not only is there a broad expansion of the research database supporting the myriad benefits of plant-based diets, but also healthcare practitioners are seeing awe-inspiring results with their patients across multiple unique subspecialties. Plant-based diets have been associated with lowering overall and ischemic heart disease mortality; supporting sustainable weight management; reducing medication needs; lowering the risk for most chronic diseases; decreasing the incidence and severity of high-risk conditions, including obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia; and even possibly reversing advanced coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes.”

 

SCIENTIFIC STUDIES ON EGG CONSUMPTION

Eggs are extremely high in cholesterol, a fatty substance that travels through the bloodstream. The human body produces more cholesterol that it needs. It is not necessary for humans to consume any dietary cholesterol at all. One average-sized egg contains 186 milligrams of cholesterol, which is 62% of the U.S. recommended daily allowance. Excess cholesterol can lead to coronary artery disease and heart attacks because the human body can’t manage it. In fact, a study published in the Journal of Atherosclerosis Research found that eating one egg per day is as bad for the heart as smoking five cigarettes per day! Another study found that people who eat more than seven eggs per week have 80% higher coronary artery calcium scores, which measure heart disease risk. Unlike fat, cholesterol can’t be burned for energy through exercise; it has to be processed by the liver, and excess cholesterol gets deposited along the walls of blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes. High cholesterol is also linked to breast cancer, liver cancer, joint pain, inflammation, and infertility.

 

Egg consumption has been linked to several types of cancer. One study found that the consumption of eggs is associated with an increased risk for colon cancer. A study found a link between egg consumption and increased risk of bladder cancer; another study found a link between egg consumption and increased risk of breast cancer.

 

Eating eggs is also linked to the development of prostate cancer. Eggs have toxic levels of choline, a nutrient that humans need for brain function, as well as for the formation of cell membranes. Too much choline can be very dangerous. A study of 47,896 men found that participants with the highest choline intake had a 70% increased risk of fatal prostate cancer. Another study found that men who consumed 2.5 eggs per week increased their risk for a lethal form of prostate cancer by 81%, compared with men who consumed less than half an egg per week. Furthermore, research finds that a byproduct of choline increases the risk for a heart attack and stroke. When a person eats eggs, gut bacteria break down choline, which releases a toxic compound called trimethylamine oxidase (TMAO) into the bloodstream. Research suggests that TMAO promotes the growth of specific types of cancer: One study found an increase in the risk for cancer in the gastrointestinal tract; a meta-analysis found increased risks for breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer. One study links TMAO to heart disease.

Eggs Cause Cancer
Eggs Cause Diabetes

Egg consumption is also linked to diabetes. A review of 14 studies published in the journal Atherosclerosis found that people who consume the most eggs increase their risk for diabetes by 68%. Another review found a 39% higher risk of diabetes in people who eat three or more eggs per week. Egg consumption also increases the risk of gestational diabetes, according to two studies referenced in the American Journal of Epidemiology: Women who consumed the most eggs (more than seven a week) had a 77% increased risk of diabetes in one study, and a 165% increased risk in the other, compared with those who consumed one egg per week.

 

Egg consumption poses other health risks for humans. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 1 in 10,000 eggs is infected with Salmonella, a type of bacteria that is a principal cause of hospitalizations related to food poisoning. Egg consumption is the second leading cause of Salmonella poisoning worldwide (the first is chicken consumption). Salmonella bacteria in eggs can survive most cooking methods, and over 10,000 Americans are food-poisoned by Salmonella from eggs annually. In 2010, half a billion eggs were recalled, and thousands of people in 14 states were poisoned due to a Salmonella outbreak.

 

Eggs are also linked to premature death. A study that included more than 21,000 participants found that people who consumed seven or more eggs per week had an almost 25% higher risk of death than those with the lowest egg consumption. For participants with diabetes, the risk of death was twofold compared with those who ate the fewest number of eggs.

 

For more information on these studies and more, visit the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine.

SCIENTIFIC STUDIES ON DAIRY CONSUMPTION

The White Lies report combines the findings of more than 400 scientific papers from reputable, peer-reviewed journals, such as the British Medical Journal and the Lancet. The research clearly shows that the consumption of milk and other dairy products is linked to the development of cancer, diabetes, coronary heart disease, kidney disease, osteoporosis, arthritis, Crohn’s disease, dementia, migraines, auto immune conditions, obesity, allergies, and many more ailments and diseases.

VEGAN & PLANT-BASED ATHLETES & BODYBUILDERS

 

More and more professional athletes and bodybuilders are proving that a vegan diet enhances physical performance. They report that being solely powered by plants enhances their overall health, increases their rate of recovery during and after training sessions and workouts, decreases inflammation, and makes them more powerful than ever before. And most of them choose a vegan diet because they care about the animals too.

Meat, milk, and eggs increase acidity in the human body. A high-acidic blood pH causes inflammation and impairs recovery. Plant-based foods are alkaline, and studies show that fruit, nuts, and legumes decrease inflammation, potentially lowering the risk of chronic disease. And clearly these athletes and bodybuilders are getting enough protein by eating only plants!

 

Here is a list of some of the many athletes and bodybuilders who endorse a plant-based diet:

 

  • Austin Aries (world champion wrestler)

  • Cam F. Awesome (pro heavyweight boxer)

  • Patrik Baboumian (pro bodybuilder & world champion strongman competitor)

  • Borja Perez Batet (runner & multisport athlete)

  • Dotsie Bausch (pro cyclist & Olympian)

  • Rob Bigwood (champion arm wrestler)

  • Tia Blanco (champion pro surfer)

  • Brendan Brazier (pro triathlete & endurance runner)

  • David Carter (pro football defensive end, aka “The 300 Pound Vegan”)

  • Wilson Chandler (pro basketball player)

  • Robert Cheeke (pro bodybuilder)

  • Michaela Copenhaver (world-record rowing champion)

  • Mac Danzig (pro mixed martial artist & Ultimate Fighting Championship fighter)

  • Alexander Dargatz (world champion bodybuilder)

  • Nimai Delgado (pro bodybuilder)

  • Nate Diaz (pro mixed martial artist & Ultimate Fighting Championship fighter)

  • Novak Djokovic (pro tennis player world champion)

  • Barny du Plessis (Mr. Universe 2014)

  • Meagan Duhamel (world champion pro figure skater & Olympian bronze/silver/gold medalist)

  • Sally Eastall (world champion long-distance runner)

  • Cody Elkins (world champion racquetball player)

  • Rip Esselstyn (pro triathlete)

  • Rashad Evans (pro mixed martial artist)

  • Kendrick Farris (pro weightlifter & Olympian)

  • Matt Frazier (marathoner & ultra-runner)

  • Ben Gordon (pro basketball player)

  • Lewis Hamilton (world champion for auto racing)

  • David Haye (world champion pro heavyweight boxer)

  • Hench Herbivore (pro bodybuilder)

  • Kyrie Irving (pro basketball player)

  • Moses Itkonen (pro skateboarder)

  • Mischa Janiec (pro bodybuilder)

  • Seba Johnson (skier & Olympian)

  • Sofia Jokl (world champion Ju-Jitsu expert)

  • Matthew Jones (world champion powerlifter & Olympic weightlifter)

  • DeAndre Jordan (pro basketball player & Olympic gold medalist)

  • KJ Joseph (world champion for knuckle push-ups & martial arts expert)

  • Scott Jurek (record-breaking ultramarathon runner)

  • Colin Kaepernick (pro football quarterback)

  • Andy Lally (world-class racing driver champion)

  • Georges Laraque (pro ice hockey player)

  • Dave Leduc (Lethwei fighter)

  • Carl Lewis (Olympic gold medalist for track & field, Olympic athlete of the century)

  • Jehina Malik (pro bodybuilder)

  • Tyrann Mathieu (pro football player)

  • Javale McGee (pro basketball player)

  • Frank Medrano (calisthenics bodyweight expert)

  • David Meyer (world champion martial artist)

  • Denis Mikhaylove (world record ultradistance runner)

  • Morgan Mitchell (champion sprinter)

  • Heather Mitts (pro soccer player & Olympic gold medalist)

  • Katherine Monbiot (world champion arm wrestler)

  • Alex Morgan (pro soccer player)

  • Derrick Morgan (pro football linebacker)

  • Martina Navratilova (pro tennis world champion)

  • Patrick Neshek (pro baseball pitcher)

  • Cam Newton (pro football player)

  • Harri Nieminem (world champion Thai boxer & ultramarathon runner)

  • Fiona Oakes (world record pro marathon runner)

  • Yolanda Presswood (world champion powerlifter)

  • Pat Reeves (world-record powerlifter)

  • Weia Reinboud (world-record track & field athlete)

  • Patrick Reiser (pro bodybuilder)

  • Rich Roll (ultramarathoner, Ultraman & Ironman athlete)

  • Murray Rose (pro swimmer & Olympic bronze/silver/gold medalist)

  • April Ross (pro volleyball player & Olympic silver/bronze medalist)

  • James Southwood (world champion fighter)

  • Hannah Teter (pro snowboarder & Olympic bronze/silver/gold medalist)

  • Abel Trujillo (mixed martial artist & Ultimate Fighting Championship fighter)

  • Brian Turner (pro bodybuilder)

  • Samuel Umtiti (pro football player)

  • Alexey Voevoda (pro bobsledder & pro arm wrestler)

  • Hulda B. Waage (pro powerlifter & weightlifting champion)

  • Torre Washington (pro bodybuilder)

  • Dustin Watten (pro volleyball player & Olympic gold medalist)

  • Griff Whalen (pro football wide receiver)

  • James Wilks (pro mixed martial artists & Ultimate Fighting Championship fighter)

  • Mike Zigomanis (pro ice hockey player)

For quotes from some of these athletes, and more information about why they endorse a vegan diet, visit the VEGAN & PLANT-BASED ATHLETES & BODYBUILDERS section on THE MESSAGE page.

 

VEGAN FITNESS & BODYBUILDING

Read more about vegan bodybuilders HERE. See vegan bodybuilders on YouTube HERE.

Vegan Bodybuilder Barny du Plessis
Vegan Bodybuilder Nimai Delgado
Vegan Bodybuilder Hench Herbivore
Vegan Bodybuilder
Vegan Bodybuilder Torre Washington
Vegan Bodybuilder
Vegan Bodybuilder Mischa Janiec
Vegan Bodybuilding & Fitness
Vegan Fitness Model Crissi Carvalho
Vegan Bodybuilder Robert Cheeke
Vegan Bodybuilder Frank Medrano
Vegan Bodybuilder Ed Bauer
Brian Turner Vegan
 
 

VEGAN DOCUMENTARY FILMS

 

There are many documentaries about going vegan. These are seven of the most popular.

Click on the images for more information.

Earthlings and Dominion focus on ethical issues and are FREE TO WATCH!

Cowspiracy: The Sustainability Secret addresses environmental concerns.

GUNDA features pigs, cows, and chickens, and shows no violence at all.

[For detailed information about GUNDA, click HERE.]

What the Health and Forks Over Knives (also FREE TO WATCH!) focus on health aspects.

The Game Changers features vegan athletes and bodybuilders.

...

Earthlings Vegan Documentary
Dominion Vegan Documentary
Cowspiracy Vegan Documentary
GUNDA vegan documentary
What the Health Vegan Documentary
Forks Over Knives Vegan Documentary
The Game Changers Vegan Documentary

THE GAME CHANGERS DEBUNKED?

 

The worldwide one-day screening of The Game Changers was on September 16, 2019. Before the film’s digital release on October 1, it became the #1 bestselling movie on iTunes pre-orders (beating such high-profile mainstream films as The Lion KingToy Story 4It 2, and Quentin Tarantino’s Once Upon a Time in Hollywood). The Game Changers is executive produced by James Cameron, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Jackie Chan, and documents the rise of plant-based eating in professional sports. The film features interviews with top scientists and physicians, who present an abundance of research and publications showing the benefits of a plant-based diet.

 

Joe Rogan is perhaps the most vocal and vehement anti-vegan celebrity in the world. He has repeatedly degraded vegans and veganism. His podcast is one of the world’s most popular, regularly receiving millions of views per episode. Rogan featured “ex-vegan” “health coach” Paleo-advocate Chris Kresser on his November 21 podcast, and they claimed to debunk The Game Changers. Kresser stated that the film is “full of misleading statements, half-truths, flat-out falsehoods, flawed logic, and absurdities,” and called it “propaganda for veganism, pure and simple.”

 

Then, on December 5, Joe Rogan invited James Wilks, the star and a producer of The Game Changers, to defend the documentary against Kresser himself, on a podcast that lasted close to four hours, during which the three of them debated a vegan diet. (Watch it HERE.) Wilks dropped a lot of truth bombs during the podcast. He brilliantly refuted Kresser’s claims with actual evidence, and in fact, Kresser conceded that he was wrong about some topics, such as B12 supplementation of livestock (Kresser had claimed that there was no evidence that B12 was fed to cows through supplementation, and Wilks proved him wrong with information from the meat industry itself), and the comparable amount of available protein in plants versus meat (Kresser had claimed that peanut butter did not provide the same protein content as ground beef, and Wilks proved him wrong with information from the meat industry itself).

 

Wilks also repeatedly criticized Kresser’s inability to read forest plots (which are graphical displays of the individual results and overall results of several scientific studies that address the same issue). Wilks cited a variety of scientific studies with evidence from the American Heart Association, American Sports Nutrition Association, and more. He emphasized that studies sponsored by the animal agriculture industry are “four to eight times more likely to have a conclusion in their favor for their product,” and that two-thirds of research is actually industry-funded. This is a huge conflict of interest for the studies most often cited by anti-vegans like Kresser. Wilks also cautioned that people like Kresser are not experts on such topics, and that we should rely on non-industry, peer-reviewed research that is replicable and properly published in a scientific journal. He said that we should also rely on the world’s leading scientists in the field of nutrition, many of whom are featured in The Game Changers.

 

After the debate, Rogan called Wilks’ defense “fantastic,” and said that Wilks completely “knocked it out of the park,” in defending the facts presented in The Game Changers. Rogan even said this in an Instagram post: “Vegans, you’re gonna LOVE this one! @lightningwilks, one of the producers of ‘the game changers’ came on to challenge some of the criticism that Chris Kresser presented about the movie, and to say he did well would be a tremendous understatement. James knocked it our [sic] of the park, and defended himself and the film quite spectacularly. So much so that I’m actually considering taking the original breakdown of the film offline...” To date, Rogan hasn’t removed the original podcast of Kresser attempting to discredit the film. But the fact that the follow-up podcast even aired is amazing!

 

INSPIRATIONAL SPEECHES ABOUT GOING VEGAN

 

Click on the images below for some of the most inspirational speeches about veganism.

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Phillip Wollen Speech.jpg
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VIDEOS OF HOW “FOOD” ANIMALS ARE TREATED

Videos of animals in slaughterhouses and on factory farms are sadistic and gruesome——and REAL. The cruel and violent reality that chickens, cows, pigs, and other animals endure is hidden so that the animal agriculture industry may abuse and torture them without regulation or public outcry. The multi-billion-dollar meat, dairy, and egg industries have been very successful in hiding the horrifying reality, but an abundance of videos exposes the severe psychological, emotional, and physical trauma and torture that these animals endure.

 

Here are just a few of the most poignant and effective videos:
 

DAIRY IS SCARY!

 

The Most Graphic Animal Cruelty Video

The Happiest and Saddest Day Of Her Life

Glass Walls

From Farm To Fridge

Processing of Baby Pigs

Meet Your Meat

Pig Farming: The Inside Story

10 Shocking PETA Videos

Where’s Your Feminism now?

 

Thousand Eyes

The White Cow

The Save Movement

 

Dominion (Short Version)

Are You an Ethical Person?

CLIMATE CHANGE &

THE ENVIRONMENT

 

Click on the images to go to the websites.

Animal agriculture is the primary cause of climate change. If you think that fossil fuels are a bigger cause of climate change than animal agriculture, then think about the fact that the animal agriculture industry uses an enormous amount of fossil fuels. We have to look at specific industries that utilize fossil fuels rather than lumping everything under the category of “fossil fuels.”

 
EarthSave
Brighter Green
Fight Climate Change with Diet Change..jpg
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Oxford Study Vegan Environment
Greenhouse Gasses
Oxford Study Animal Agriculture Vegan

YOU ARE NOT AN ENVIRONMENTALIST IF YOU CONSUME MEAT, DAIRY, AND/OR EGGS

 

A comprehensive, five-year study by the University of Oxford reveals the detrimental effects that animal agriculture has on the environment, and it includes data on 38,700 farms in 119 countries, including 1,600 processors, packaging plants, and retailers. For a PDF of the study, click HERE.

 

Researchers analyzed the impacts of 40 agricultural products, which represent 90% of all food that is consumed worldwide. The study assessed the full impact of these foods on land use, climate change emissions, freshwater use, water pollution, and air pollution. It concludes that ANIMAL PRODUCTS ARE ABSOLUTELY DEVASTATING FOR OUR PLANET, AND THEREFORE, IF YOU CARE ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT, THE SOLUTION IS TO GO VEGAN.

 

The findings reveal that meat, eggs, and dairy production (which combined, use 83% of the world’s farmland) is responsible for 58% of agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions, but that meat, eggs, and dairy products provide only 18% of calories and 37% of protein levels worldwide. (See graphic below.)

 

Lead author of the study Joseph Poore concludes:

 

“A vegan diet is probably the single biggest way to reduce your impact on planet Earth, not just greenhouse gases, but global acidification [air pollution], eutrophication [water pollution], land use, and water use. It is far bigger than cutting down on your flights or buying an electric car... AVOIDING CONSUMPTION OF ANIMAL PRODUCTS DELIVERS FAR BETTER ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS THAN TRYING TO PURCHASE SUSTAINABLE MEAT AND DAIRY [AND EGGS]... Converting grass into [meat] is like converting coal to energy. It comes with an immense cost in emissions.”

 

The study was published in the journal Science (June 1, 2018: Vol. 360, Issue 6392, pp. 987-992). To read the full study, “Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts Through Producers and Consumers,” click HERE. or HERE.

 

ABSTRACT

“Food’s environmental impacts are created by millions of diverse producers. To identify solutions that are effective under this heterogeneity, we consolidated data covering five environmental indicators; 38,700 farms; and 1,600 processors, packaging types, and retailers. Impact can vary 50-fold among producers of the same product, creating substantial mitigation opportunities. However, mitigation is complicated by trade-offs, multiple ways for producers to achieve low impacts, and interactions throughout the supply chain. Producers have limits on how far they can reduce impacts. Most strikingly, IMPACTS OF THE LOWEST-IMPACT ANIMAL PRODUCTS TYPICALLY EXCEED THOSE OF VEGETABLE SUBSTITUTES, PROVIDING NEW EVIDENCE FOR THE IMPORTANCE OF DIETARY CHANGE. Cumulatively, our findings support an approach where producers monitor their own impacts, flexibly meet environmental targets by choosing from multiple practices, and communicate their impacts to consumers.”

 

For more information on this study and its implications, read the following articles...

 

University of Oxford

“New Estimates Of the Environmental Cost Of Food: Research published in the journal Science highlights the environmental impacts of thousands of food producers and their products, demonstrating the need for new technology to monitor agriculture, and the need for environmental labels on food products”

 

The Guardian

“Avoiding Meat and Dairy Is ‘Single Biggest Way’ To Reduce Your Impact On Earth: Biggest analysis to date reveals huge footprint of livestock——It provides just 18% of calories but takes up 83% of farmland”

 

The Independent

“Veganism Is ‘Single Biggest Way’ To Reduce Our Environmental Impact On Planet, Study Finds: Avoiding meat and dairy could reduce your carbon footprint from food by nearly three-quarters”

 

Forbes

“The Most Effective Way To Save The Planet: Without meat and dairy consumption, global farmland use could be reduced by more than 75%——an area equivalent to the U.S., China, the European Union, and Australia combined——and still feed the world”

 
What Causes Climate Change
Climate Change

ANIMAL AGRICULTURE ACCOUNTS FOR AT LEAST 87% OF ANNUAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS

A peer-reviewed white paper entitled Animal Agriculture is the Leading Cause of Climate Change, published by Dr. Sailesh Rao, Executive Director of Climate Healers, states that animal agriculture is the leading cause of climate change, responsible for at least 87% of greenhouse gas emissions annually. Check it out HERE.

 

Watch Plant Based News’ short video, which includes an interview with Dr. Rao, for a quick summary.

Why should we care about greenhouse gasses? Greenhouse gasses (such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons) absorb infrared radiation, trapping heat in the earth’s atmosphere. Greenhouse gasses cause the earth’s temperature to rise, which causes polar ice caps to melt, resulting in a rise in sea level and destructive flooding. Greenhouse gasses also deplete the earth’s ozone layer by converting ozone to oxygen, causing holes in the earth’s protective ozone layer, which let in harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Animal agriculture creates massive amounts of these very harmful greenhouse gasses.

A 2006 report from the United Nations (entitled Livestock’s Long Shadow) states that the animal agriculture industry is responsible for 18% of greenhouse gas emissions. In 2009, a World Watch Institute report (see below) stated that 18% was an under-estimation based on many factors. These factors include exclusion of animal respiration, overlooked land use, undercounted methane emissions, undercounting of animal statistics, the increase of animal product consumption since the data used by the UN, exclusion of emissions from deforestation (which is done to grow food for farm animals), exclusion of the use of fluorocarbons needed for cooling animal products, not accounting for waste disposal (of bone, fat, and spoiled body parts that are disposed in landfills, incinerators, and waterways), not accounting for production, distribution, and disposal of packaging used for animal products, and several more factors. Taking all of these omissions into account, World Watch Institute found that the animal agriculture industry is actually responsible for at least 51% of annual greenhouse gas emissions worldwide.

 

In 2019, a white paper by Dr. Sailesh Rao, Executive Director of Climate Healers, revised the assessment of animal agriculture on climate change further, finding that animal agriculture accounts for at least 87% of annual greenhouse gas emissions annually. The paper presents the results of a Global Sensitivity Analysis (GSA). For the GSA analysis, factual data from the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other peer-reviewed scientific sources were used. The analysis reveals that the annual greenhouse gas emissions from animal agriculture alone cause more incremental global warming than the annual CO2 emissions from all fossil fuel sources combined.

 

What accounts for these widely divergent estimates is how the calculations are made. Other calculations of greenhouse gas emissions fail to include the negative impact of forests that are lost to animal agriculture. Almost half of all ice-free land is used for animal agriculture, either for animals to graze or for growing crops to feed the 80 billion animals raised and slaughtered for food yearly. The forests that are destroyed no longer store or absorb carbon dioxide, which is the primary gas that heats the Earth. The key point is that trees store carbon dioxide, and that by eliminating trees, carbon dioxide increases in the Earth’s atmosphere. This key fact is not being properly accounted for in other calculations that are accepted by governments, nonprofit organizations, private industries, and the media.

ABSTRACT


“In this paper, we present the results of a Global Sensitivity Analysis (GSA) proving that animal agriculture is the leading cause of climate change, responsible for at least 87% of greenhouse gas emissions annually. The burning of fossil fuels is currently the leading source of human-made carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. However, climate change is caused by cumulative human-made greenhouse gas and aerosol emissions and not just current CO2 emissions alone. While humans have been burning fossil fuels for a little over 200 years, we have been burning down forests for animal agriculture for well over 8,000 years. For the GSA analysis, we use factual data from the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other peer-reviewed scientific sources. We show that we need to transition to a global plant-based economy first and that blindly eliminating fossil fuel usage first will accelerate the warming of the planet. We show that the annual methane emissions from animal agriculture alone cause more incremental global warming than the annual CO2 emissions from all fossil fuel sources combined. We further show that the transition to a global plant-based economy has the potential to sequester over 2000 Giga tons (Gt) of CO2 in regenerating soils and vegetation, returning atmospheric greenhouse gas levels to the “safe zone” of under 350 parts per million (ppm) of CO2 equivalent, while restoring the biodiversity of the planet and healing its climate. This paper clearly illustrates why the scientific community, government institutions, corporations and news media, who vastly underestimate the role of animal agriculture and focus primarily on reducing fossil fuel use, need to urgently change their priorities in order to be effective.”

The Climate Healers position paper, Animal Agriculture is the Leading Cause of Climate Change, is peer-reviewed and available on the Climate Healers website. It was published by the Journal of Ecological Society in volume 32 in the 2021 issue (click HERE). This paper clearly illustrates that the scientific community, government institutions, corporations, and news media all vastly underestimate the role of animal agriculture, and focus primarily on reducing the use of fossil fuels.

Worldwatch Institute.jpg

ANIMAL AGRICULTURE CONTRIBUTES TO OVER HALF OF GREENHOUSE GASSES RELEASED WORLDWIDE

 

A report from the United Nations in 2006 stated that the animal agriculture industry was responsible for 18% of greenhouse gas emissions. In 2009, World Watch Institute reported that 18% was an under-estimation based on many factors. These factors include the following:

 

  • Exclusion of animal respiration

  • Overlooked land use

  • Undercounted methane emissions

  • The increase of animal product consumption since the data used by the United Nations

  • Undercounting of animal statistics

  • The increase in emissions than in the previous years on which the United Nations data was based

  • The United Nations’ use of data in very efficient areas that are not representative of developing countries where the industry is growing the fastest

  • Exclusion of emissions from deforestation, which is done to grow food for farm animals

  • Exclusion of emissions from farmed fish and the construction and operation of facilities for marine organisms, which are fed to farm animals

  • Exclusion of the use of fluorocarbons needed for cooling animal products

  • Exclusion of emissions from the necessary cooking of animal products

  • Not accounting for waste disposal (of bone, fat, and spoiled body parts that are disposed in landfills, incinerators, and waterways)

  • Not accounting for production, distribution, and disposal of packaging used for animal products

  • Not accounting for production, distribution, disposal, and packaging of byproducts such as leather, feathers, skin, and fur

  • Exclusion of carbon-intensive medical treatment for millions of cases worldwide of zoonotic illnesses (such as swine flu) and chronic degenerative illnesses (such as coronary heart disease, cancers, diabetes, and hypertension leading to strokes) linked to the consumption of animal products

 

Taking all of these omissions into account, World Watch Institute found that the animal agriculture industry is actually responsible for at least 51% of annual greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. World Watch Institute’s detailed findings are below.

World Watch Institute Climate Change Report 2009
World Watch Institute Climate Change Report 2009
World Watch Institute Climate Change Report 2009
World Watch Institute Climate Change Report 2009
World Watch Institute Climate Change Report 2009
World Watch Institute Climate Change Report 2009

HUMAN HUNGER & STARVATION

 
Well-Fed World
Grow Where You Are
Maitu Foods
World Hunger Vegan

GOING VEGAN TO STOP HUMAN STARVATION

 

More than 870 million people in the world are starving, and every year childhood malnutrition is a cause of death for more than 2.5 million children worldwide, according to the United Nations. How can one person make a difference and help these starving people? By going vegan of course! How does going vegan help starving people? Well, you have to think about it logically.

 

First, it’s important to understand that there is no biological or nutritional requirement for humans to consume animals or their bodily secretions. The millions of healthy vegans living on the planet right now are proof of that!

 

Second, it's important to realize that the vast majority of the world’s starving people live in countries where grains are fed to animals who are slaughtered and then transported to wealthy countries, where humans consume the flesh and organs. If we stopped intensively breeding animals by the billions for food that humans don’t need, and instead used that land to grow plants for humans to eat directly, we could easily feed every human on the planet with healthy and affordable food.

A cow’s diet requires much more vegetation than a human diet. An adult cow can weigh from 1,600 to 2,400 pounds (726 to 1,089 kilograms). One acre of land can produce 2.5 pounds (1.134 kilograms) of animal flesh OR over 24,000 pounds (11,188 kilograms) of edible plants.* Vegans eat plants directly rather than having massive amounts of crops fed to fatten up animals who are later eaten by humans.

 

Sometimes people say that not all land can be used for growing crops. If that is true, then how is it possible that we are currently feeding tens of billions of animals enough plants for them to become human food every year? Humans can eat those same plants, and humans require far less than cows and other animals who are exploited and slaughtered to become and create unnecessary food for humans. Over 70 billion land animals are killed every year worldwide for human consumption. The world’s human population is 7.7 billion. Obviously, there is abundant land capable of growing vegetation to feed all humans on plants.

 

Please think about how your food choices affect starving people around the world. Animal agriculture causes worldwide human hunger, poverty, and death. If you care about starving humans, then make the sustainable, ethical, compassionate choice: GO VEGAN!

* Sources:

 

Food Choice and Sustainability: Why Buying Local, Eating Less Meat, and Taking Baby Steps Won’t Work by Richard Oppenlander

 

Grass-fed and Organic Beef: Production Costs and Breakeven Market Prices, 2008-2009,” Iowa State University

 

ANIMAL AGRICULTURE STANDARD PRACTICES

Debeaking Chickens USDA

DE-BEAKING IS A PAINFUL, LEGAL, & STANDARD PROCEDURE, & U.S. FARMERS & THE GOVERNMENT ADMIT THAT CHICKENS SUFFER

 

De-beaking causes chronic pain, and the U.S. government openly acknowledges that de-beaking is standard procedure and extremely painful. This “Laying Hen Welfare Fact Sheet” (above) issued by the Livestock Behavior Research Unit of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) clearly acknowledges the following:

  1. DE-BEAKING IS EXTREMELY PAINFUL FOR CHICKENS, AND CAUSES CHRONIC SUFFERING

  2. DE-BEAKING IS A LEGAL, STANDARD PROCEDURE ON U.S. FARMS OF ALL SIZES.

 

When people say that these animals don’t suffer, show them this document, which by itself proves that the vast majority of the land animals who are exploited and slaughtered for food in the U.S. do indeed experience long-lasting pain as a result of de-beaking. According to the USDA’s most recent data, 9.76 billion land animals are slaughtered every year for human consumption, and 9.34 billion (95.7%) of them are chickens.

 

According to the USDA, over 95% of egg-laying hens in the United States live in battery cages in which the space each hen has to move for practically her entire life (usually about 18 months) is approximately the size of an iPad. That means that 19 out of 20 eggs consumed in the U.S. come from suffering, sick chickens crammed together (as many as 10) in a cage so small that they cannot spread their wings. Broiler chickens (the ones raised and slaughtered for meat) are also de-beaked, as are turkeys and ducks, so the percentage of all land animals in the U.S. who suffer chronically from de-beaking is even higher.

 

Birds confined in the horrendous conditions of the animal agriculture industry often go insane and peck each other violently, sometimes even cannibalizing each other. What the industry calls “aggressive pecking” occurs when birds rip out the feathers of other birds, and even peck them to death and engage in cannibalism, which is why they are de-beaked. Birds injuring and killing each other impacts egg production and meat quality, which are the animal agriculture industry’s only concerns. Of course, it’s all about money, regardless of all of the pain and suffering and violence inflicted on these animals.

 

De-beaking is a very painful mutilation. The beaks of these birds are literally cut off or seared off with a burning-hot blade within hours or days of being born. No painkillers are used. Chicks have difficulty eating and drinking after their beaks are mutilated, and therefore suffer from hunger and dehydration and weakened immune systems, for several weeks after the procedure. Many of them literally suffer to death.

 

As confirmed by the USDA, a chicken’s beak is a complex, functional organ with an extensive nerve supply, including sensory receptors that detect painful stimuli. Read the highlighted portion of the document for yourself:

 

“Issues Related to Beak Trimming: Beak trimming has elicited a great deal of debate and research concerning the relative advantages and disadvantages of the practice from an animal welfare perspective. The bestowed benefits of lowered aggression, feather pecking, and cannibalism may indeed favor improved welfare during the laying cycle. However, a chicken’s beak is a complex, functional organ with an extensive nerve supply. Following beak trimming, several anatomical, physiological, and biochemical changes occur in cut peripheral nerves and damaged tissues. There is a considerable body of morphological, neurophysiological, behavioral and production research demonstrating the emergence of several markers of acute and chronic pain (e.g., persistent lethargy and guarding behaviors, reduced feed intake, and development of neuromas) as a result of trimming. This is of more concern when the beak trimming is conducted in birds which are 5 weeks old or older using a hot-blade beak trimmer.”

 

You may access a PDF of this USDA document (with 14 cited sources) HERE.

 

Do you really want to be supporting this immense pain and violence? If you eat birds or eggs, then YOU are directly causing this suffering, for nothing more than taste pleasure and convenience. Is that who you really are?

De-Beaking Chickens
Factory Farms

CONFINEMENT DEVICES

This short, animated film (Locked Up - Factory Farm Cages 101) by Mercy For Animals shows standard cruel factory farm confinement devices. Over 99% of animals used for food in the United States come from factory farms. And the vast majority of U.S. factory farms use small gestation crates and farrowing cages for pigs (prohibited in only eight states), battery cages for hens (prohibited in only three states), and veal crates for dairy industry calves (prohibited in only eight states). Click HERE for more information about states that use these devices.

 

These animals are not machines. It’s not possible to logically argue that they are mere objects that don’t suffer physically and emotionally. We can live happy and healthy lives without consuming animals or their bodily secretions. Can you imagine living in misery like these animals, barely able to move, suffering, waiting to be slaughtered, for almost your entire life?

Animal Agriculture Standard Procedures
Humane Slaughter

UNITED STATES FEDERAL & STATE LAWS

 

THE HUMANE METHODS OF SLAUGHTER ACT

 

Unfortunately, not a single federal law protects animals during their entire lives on factory farms. The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act was passed in 1958.

 

It only mentions cows, pigs, sheep, and horses, and applies exclusively to the moment that those animals are slaughtered, saying nothing about how they should be treated from birth until the moment of slaughter. Chickens, turkeys, and other animals are not mentioned at all in The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act, and therefore have NO protection at all from the extreme cruelty and prolonged suffering that is standard in the animal agriculture industry, and these exempted animals make up well over 90% of the animals killed for food in the US.

STATE LAWS

 

On the vast majority of factory farms in the United States (and worldwide), egg-laying hens, pregnant pigs, and veal calves are confined in cages and crates so small that they cannot lie down, turn around, or stretch their limbs. A few states in the U.S. have passed laws that ban the use of these cruel confinement devices, but half of these laws have not taken effect yet. You can look up your governor and state legislators and contact them to ask them to initiate and vote for legislation to ban these horrendously cruel enclosures.

Seven states have passed legislation banning or restricting the use of battery cages for egg-laying hens:

 

  • California – Ballot measure passed in 2008; took effect in January 2015

  • Ohio – Regulation passed in 2011; suspension of construction of any new battery cages took effect in September 2011

  • Michigan – Legislation passed in 2009; took effect in October 2019

  • Massachusetts – Ballot measure passed in 2016; not effective until January 1, 2022

  • Oregon – Legislation passed in 2011; not effective until January 1, 2026

  • Washington – Legislation passed in 2011; not effective until January 1, 2026

  • Rhode Island – Regulation passed in 2016; not effective until July 1, 2034

Two states have passed legislation banning the sale of eggs from facilities using battery cages:

 

  • California – Legislation passed in 2010; took effect in January 2015

  • Massachusetts – Ballot measure passed in 2016; not effective until January 1, 2022

Ten states have passed legislation ending the use of gestation crates for pigs:

 

  • Florida – Ballot measure passed in 2002; took effect in November 2008

  • Maine – Legislation passed in 2009; took effect in January 2011

  • Oregon – Legislation passed in 2007; took effect in January 2012

  • Arizona – Ballot measure passed in 2006; took effect in December 2012

  • Rhode Island – Legislation passed in 2012; took effect in June 2013

  • California – Ballot measure passed in 2008; took effect in January 2015

  • Colorado – Legislation passed in 2008; took effect in January 2018

  • Michigan – Legislation passed in 2009; took effect in October 2019

  • Massachusetts – Ballot measure passed in 2016; not effective until January 1, 2022

  • Ohio – Regulation passed 2011; not effective until December 31, 2025

 

Nine states have passed legislation banning the use of veal crates for calves:

 

  • Maine – Legislation passed in 2009; took effect in 2011

  • Colorado – Legislation passed in 2008; took effect in January 2012

  • Michigan – Legislation passed in 2009; took effect in October 2012

  • Arizona – Ballot measure passed in 2006; took effect in December 2012

  • Rhode Island – Legislation passed in 2012; took effect in June 2013

  • California – Ballot measure passed in 2008; took effect in January 2015

  • Kentucky – Regulations finalized in 2014; took effect in December 2017

  • Ohio – Regulation passed 2011; took effect in December 2017

  • Massachusetts – Ballot measure passed in 2016; not effective until January 1, 2022

 

One state has passed legislation banning the sale of veal and pork products from facilities using veal and gestation crates:

 

  • Massachusetts – Ballot measure passed in 2016; not effective until January 1, 2022

 

DATA & STATISTICS

THE NUMBER OF ANIMALS SOLD FROM SMALL FARMS IS A MINUSCULE FRACTION COMPARED TO ANIMALS SOLD FROM FACTORY FARMS

 

Over 99% of animals used for food in the United States come from factory farms, according to data from the United States Department of Agriculture. The data from the USDA website have been analyzed by Harish Sethu at Counting Animals.

Sethu states, “Unfortunately, the USDA does not report statistics on animal slaughter grouped by the size of the farm in which the animal was raised. But, the USDA does conduct a comprehensive census of agricultural operations, called the ag census, once every five years in which it collects data on the number of animals sold by farms grouped by the sizes of these farms. The results of the most recent ag census, for the year 2012, was released...in May of 2014.”

 

Using the USDA’s ag census data and categorizations (explained more thoroughly on his website) Sethu, defines “small farms” as ones that sell fewer than 2,000 chickens or turkeys per year, fewer than 25 pigs per year, and fewer than 20 cows per year.

 

“The following figure plots the number of animals in each of the four categories (bovines, pigs, chickens, and turkeys) sold out of small farms for every 10,000 animals of that category sold each year. The numbers reported here are for the last 40 years — from 1974 to 2012....”

Animals from factory farms
Animals from factory farms

“From the figure above [on the left], about 3.6% of the bovines sold by farms in 2012 were sold by small farms. But, the corresponding numbers for chickens, turkeys, and pigs is much smaller. In fact, only about 2 chickens out of every 10,000 chickens sold each year is sold by a small farm. Only about 1 in 1,000 turkeys sold each year is sold by a small farm. Only about 1 in 1,000 pigs sold each year is sold by a small farm....”

 

To be even more conservative, Sethu overestimates and plots the data to include farms that are at least FOUR times what he defined as the maximum size of a small farm in the graph above to the right.

“How is it possible that small farms constitute more than 50% of all farms, and yet they sell, for example, only about 2 chickens out of every 10,000 chickens sold in the US? Because large farms raise and sell so many chickens that their numbers completely overwhelm those of all the small farms combined. In fact, more than 99.49% of the chickens sold in 2012 were sold by farms that sold 100,000 or more chickens that year. More than 98.76% of pigs sold in 2012 were sold by farms that sold 1,000 or more pigs that year.”

 

SOURCES:

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Census of Agriculture, 1974-2012.

USDA, Economic Research Service. Updating the ERS Farm Typology, April 2013.

 

SLAUGHTER TOTALS

 

Of all land animals slaughtered for food, over 95% are chickens (and over 98% are birds). Of course, vegans advocate for all animals, but chickens are slaughtered at tremendous numbers compared to other land animals. (The number of fish and other aquatic animals is difficult to calculate because they are measured by weight, but an estimation is that nearly four trillion fish and over 43 trillion shellfish are killed annually for human food, just in the U.S. alone.)

 

These slaughter totals are very depressing but there is some good news here. In 2020, 1,650,500 FEWER land animals were slaughtered in the U.S. than in 2019. More than 1.6 million land animals were spared miserable lives of pain and suffering. Most of them were ducks and turkeys.

 

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, nearly 9.76 billion land animals were slaughtered in 2020.

 

Chickens

2019: 9,339,249,000 (95.7%)

2020: 9,346,660,000 (95.8%)

Turkeys

2019: 227,660,000 (2.3%)

2020: 223,003,000 (2.3%)

Pigs

2019: 129,990,000 (1.3%)

2020: 131,639,000 (1.4%)

Cows

2019: 34,264,800 (0.4%)

2020: 33,366,100 (0.3%)

Ducks

2019: 27,544,000 (0.3%)

2020: 22,484,000 (0.2%)

Sheep

2019: 2,413,200 (0.02%)

2020: 2,318,400 (0.02%)

TOTALS

9,761,121,000 Land Animals Slaughtered in 2019 in the U.S.

9,759,470,500 Land Animals Slaughtered in 2020 in the U.S.

 

SOURCES

USDA Poultry Slaughter 2019 Summary (released February 2020)

USDA Livestock Slaughter 2019 Summary (released February 2020)

USDA Poultry Slaughter 2020 Summary (released February 2021)

USDA Livestock Slaughter 2020 Summary (released February 2021)

 
United States Slaughter Totals