ANIMALS WHO ARE EXPLOITED & KILLED FOR HUMAN FOOD
You probably visited this website for the ‘80s music, but please take the time to explore the pages about the animals and veganism. My primary intention in creating this website is to speak up for animals who are exploited and killed for human food. My goal is to do what I can to raise awareness about what these animals endure, in order to end their suffering, exploitation, and slaughter. Of course, as a vegan, I care about all animals, but animals who are used and slaughtered for food are in a category all their own.
This website focuses on exposing the truth about the harm and violence that humans inflict on so-called “food” animals because these animals suffer the most, for the longest duration, for their entire lives, and in the greatest numbers. The animal agriculture industry considers these farmed animals nothing more than resources and commodities to exploit and slaughter for profit.
I feel that revealing the atrocities that farmed animals experience will have the greatest impact in decreasing animal suffering and violence overall. Please do not confuse facts with judgment or condemnation, and please feel free to investigate the claims on this website for yourself. Sometimes facts can be difficult to process and to accept, especially when they cause us to feel emotional and upset when we realize what we have been unknowingly supporting.
Hidden from the public, these animals are suffering victims who endure more pain and misery than most humans could even imagine. These animals need allies to speak on their behalf, and I created this website for them.
CHICKENS, COWS, PIGS, TURKEYS, DUCKS, & FISH
Humans use and kill animals for many reasons and in many industries, but the “food” animals represent over 99% of these abused, suffering, emotional beings. Animal Charity Evaluators, a United States non-profit organization, estimates that of all land animals who are used and killed by humans in the U.S., over 99.6% are farmed animals, bred to produce and become human food. The remaining 0.4% represents all other categories, such as clothing, laboratories, circuses, theme parks, shelters, etc. All of the animals in these other industries don’t even add up to HALF A PERCENT of the total of animals who are confined and killed by humans every year. For example, for every single dog or cat who is euthanized in a shelter, about 3,400 farmed land animals are slaughtered.
Over 9.59 billion land animals are raised and killed for food every year in the United States, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Livestock Slaughter 2018 Summary and Poultry Slaughter 2018 Summary, both released in April 2019.
In other countries, dogs and cats are considered “food” animals, as are many other species, but in the United States, the land animals who are primarily slaughtered for food are chickens, turkeys, pigs, cows, ducks, and sheep. Because of their small size, chickens account for 95.5% of land animals slaughtered for food in the U.S., followed by turkeys (2.5%), pigs (1.3%), cows (0.4%), ducks (.3%), and sheep (.07%), according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Note that birds represent over 98% of land animals who are killed for human food in the U.S.
Animal Charity Evaluators also estimates that of all U.S. donations to animal charities, only 0.8% goes specifically to farmed animal organizations. The farmed animals are suffering and being slaughtered in astronomical numbers, but they receive a very, very low and disproportionate percentage of charitable funding for animals.
The number of aquatic animals is difficult to calculate because they are measured by weight, but an estimation is that nearly four trillion fish and over 43 trillion shellfish are killed annually for human food——just in the United States alone. The Fish & Sea Life section of this website has more information about aquatic animals.
For more information on animal slaughter totals, visit the website Animal Clock.
BILLIONS OF ANIMALS HIDDEN AWAY
The reality of what farmed animals endure is concealed and distorted, and as living beings they are almost never mentioned or seen (unless in animated media for children or deceptive marketing advertisements). Keeping the animals hidden away is exactly what the meat, dairy, and egg industries want. You may not even think about chickens, cows, pigs, and turkeys as suffering individuals because you don’t see them——out of sight, out of mind.
Worldwide, nearly 80 billion land animals are killed for human consumption every year, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. In the United States alone, over 9.59 billion land animals are slaughtered for food annually, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. But how often do you see any of these billions of farmed animals? A comparatively low 48 million dogs are in the U.S., and we see them often. The U.S. human population is 330 million. The world’s human population is 7.8 billion. We see humans everywhere we go, but we don’t see these tens of BILLIONS of suffering farmed animals?
Because we are prevented from seeing these animals, the animal agriculture industry is allowed to abuse and torture them without regulation or public outcry. When investigators and whistleblowers and undercover activists expose the unimaginable abuse and violence on farms and in slaughterhouses via eyewitness testimony and video footage, the animal agriculture industry dismisses these claims as isolated instances.
Most people have no idea how farmed animals are treated, and they don’t want to know. They are obviously conflicted because they look for “feel-good” labels such as “humanely-raised,” “free-range,” “grass-fed,” and “cage-free.” These misleading labels can soothe a guilty conscience, but they are actually just marketing scams that fool people into participating in horrendous violence for taste pleasure and convenience. The animal agriculture industry wants us to stay focused on the separate end product in the package or on the plate, disconnected from the actual living beings who suffered.
ONE MONSTROUS EVIL INDUSTRY
The meat, dairy, and egg sectors of the animal agricultural industry are actually just one behemoth industry because they work together and profit from one another. The dairy and egg industries sell their “nonprofitable waste” to the meat industry. That “nonprofitable waste” includes male chicks who are born to egg-laying hens, male calves who are born to dairy cows, and the egg-laying hens and dairy cows themselves when their decline in milk or egg production renders them “worthless.” This is why claiming to be an “ethical vegetarian” makes no sense, because the meat, dairy, and egg industries are inextricably connected: Vegetarians actually support the meat industry.
To prevent the public from becoming aware of the horrendous abuse and violence, the meat/dairy/egg industry lobbies and pays off government officials to pass legislation that keep it all hidden (via “ag gag laws”)——because if most people become aware of what happens to these animals, much of which is legal and standard, they would be outraged. The multi-billion-dollar meat/dairy/egg industry has been very successful in hiding the horrifying reality of what these animals experience, but the truth is finally being exposed.
STANDARD PROCEDURES ON FACTORY FARMS & SMALL FARMS
Contrary to what many people might believe, over 99% of animals who are exploited and slaughtered for food in the United States come from factory farms, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s 2017 Census of Agriculture, released in 2019. Factory farms, also called concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), are industrial monstrosities that imprison thousands and even hundreds of thousands of animals.
Many people want to believe that the meat, milk, and eggs that they purchase come from small family-owned farms where the animals are treated well. In fact, based on the USDA data, only a minuscule fraction of animals used for food come from small farms. By species, approximately 70.4% of cows, 98.3% of pigs, 99.8% of turkeys, and over 99.9% of chickens in the U.S. suffer and die on factory farms.
Even on small farms, the animals endure immense pain and suffering from the well-documented standard practices that the neither the animal agriculture industry nor the government even bother to deny: castration, de-beaking, de-horning, tail docking, tail clipping, teeth clipping, burning marks in skin, hole punching in ears for tags, udder singeing, spiked nose ringing, and other mutilations——all carried out without any painkillers. Yes, on small family-owned farms, the animals endure most of these same cruel and abusive (but legal) standard practices.
The meat/dairy/egg industry uses all kinds of clever euphemisms and lies to obfuscate how they treat these animals. They call what they do “animal husbandry,” “intensive animal farming,” or “industrial livestock production.” Sometimes they insist that the animals are treated “like royalty.” Others claim that animals aren’t even capable of experiencing pain and suffering, or that they aren’t aware of what is happening. Regardless of the excuse, these animals are emotional, socially-complex beings with brains and pain receptors. Regardless of the size of the farm, the industry’s focus is on profit and efficiency rather than on the well-being of the animals, who are nothing more than machines that produce merchandise for the mercenaries who work in the animal agriculture industry.
SO MUCH SUFFERING...
In addition to the pain that they experience from having their testicles, tails, horns, beaks, and teeth removed without anesthesia, these animals are confined in spaces so small that they cannot spread their wings, turn around, or lie down. The vast majority of U.S. factory farms use horrendously cruel confinement devices: battery cages for egg-laying hens (currently banned only in California); gestation crates for pigs (currently banned only in Florida, Maine, Oregon, Arizona, Rhode Island, California, and Colorado); and dairy industry veal crates (currently banned only in Maine, Colorado, Michigan, Arizona, Rhode Island, California, Kentucky, and Ohio).
It’s constant misery for these animals because of the extreme confinement and overcrowding, toxic conditions of extreme filth, debilitating infections and diseases, and food and water deprivation.
Furthermore, to maximize their growth and “meat output,” these animals have been genetic engineered and bred to gain much more weight than would gain naturally. They are also injected with hormones as an “artificial plumping process.” Sometimes, they gain so much weight that they can’t walk. To maximize their productivity, the reproductive systems of dairy cows and egg-laying hens have been manipulated, forcing them to produce more eggs or milk than they ever would naturally, which destroys their bones and causes many of them to become lame or suffer from painful osteoporosis.
The suffering never ends for these animals: more examples include the forced insemination of the females, separation of mothers from babies, piglet thumping (sickly piglets are killed by slamming them headfirst on concrete, which is an accepted industry standard that is considered humane), and the gassing, suffocation, and maceration of male chicks on the day that they are born.
And, perhaps worst of all is the torturing of the animals for fun by the employees, which has been very well-documented on video in undercover investigations by animal charities.
All of this severe psychological, emotional, and physical trauma happens to these animals for their entire lives before their delivery to the slaughterhouses. And it’s all totally legal, hidden from the public, and funded by U.S. consumers and taxpayers through government subsidies.
THE HUMANE METHODS OF SLAUGHTER ACT
Many people assume that we have laws protecting farmed animals from harmful treatment, and that the people who work in the animal agriculture industry can be trusted to care for these animals. Unfortunately, in the United States, there are no federal laws that protect farmed animals while they are alive. The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act was passed in 1958. It only mentions cows, pigs, sheep, and horses, and applies exclusively to the moment that those animals are slaughtered, saying nothing about how they should be treated from birth until the moment of slaughter.
Chickens, turkeys, ducks, and other animals are not mentioned at all in the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act, and therefore have NO legislative protection at all from the extreme cruelty and prolonged suffering that is standard in the animal agriculture industry, and these exempted birds make up over 98% of the land animals killed for food in the U.S. (There are very few state laws that address farmed animal treatment, which you may read about here.)
COMPANION ANIMALS & “FOOD” ANIMALS
It may be difficult for some people to think of billions of farmed animals as individual beings, like a companion cat or dog whom we consider members of our family. But if you could look into their eyes, you would see that they are unique individuals who are suffering. Animals who are used and killed for human food are fundamentally no different from cats and dogs. Many people live with so-called “food” animals as companion animals. The animals whom humans breed, raise, exploit, and kill for food are just as sensitive, communicative, and unique as the dogs and cats we adore in our homes. They all seek attention and affection, bond with other animals, care about their babies, feel emotions, can experience pain, and want to live.
Anyone who has spent time with chickens, turkeys, cows, sheep, pigs, and other animals in their own homes or at a sanctuary knows that there is essentially nothing different about developing relationships with those animals than there is with bonding with traditional animal companions like cats and dogs. If you’ve developed a friendship with a dog or cat or a horse or a parrot, then you know that animals have the capacity to love and to bond with you and to become enjoyable, devoted friends.
Carnism is the belief system that has conditioned us to think differently about the animals we exploit, harm, and kill for food, clothing, entertainment, etc. In some countries, dogs and cats are tortured and slaughtered for food and clothing. If you find that repulsive and outrageous, how is that different from what Americans do to cows, pigs, chickens, and other animals? If you have moral consideration for dogs and cats, but not for other animals, please think about why that is.
Breaking free of cultural conditioning allows us to logically extend our compassion to other species of animals. Animals whom humans raise for food are no different, but we subject them to extreme misery and torture. If you treated a dog or cat the same way the animal agriculture industry treats billions of farmed animals, it would be considered a crime. There is no moral justification for treating them any differently than we would treat a companion animal or even another human.
Have you been culturally conditioned to believe that some animals deserve to be treated differently so that you may consume their flesh and bodily secretions (dairy and eggs)? When and why did you make that distinction? And are you being fair and ethical? If you don’t want dogs or cats to suffer, then is it morally consistent for you to contribute to the suffering of other animals? Being vegan means treating all animals the way most people treat their companion animals, not as objects or food sources, but with love and respect.
WHO’S LYING TO YOU?
If you are against animal cruelty, then once you learn the truth about what happens to farmed animals, becoming vegan is a rational, compassionate response based on your personal values.
You probably already agree that causing harm to others for pleasure is not an acceptable "personal choice."
Basic human decency dictates that causing unnecessary harm to others is wrong. Once learning the facts, each individual either holds himself accountable for harming others, or he doesn’t.
IT’S NOT YOUR FAULT THAT THE FACTS HAVE BEEN HIDDEN FROM YOU, quite deliberately by the meat/dairy/egg industry and the government, who have billions of dollars invested in animal agriculture. The government spends billions of our tax dollars promoting and subsidizing this industry, and politicians are reimbursed with campaign contributions.
Vegans have no reason to lie to you about the horrible cruelty that happens to these animals, and we are fighting very wealthy and powerful foes in the agricultural industry who will spare no expense to keep on duping the public about meat, milk, and eggs.
By exposing the truth about animal agriculture, vegans have nothing to gain (except the peace of mind that we are helping the animals). Who has the most incentive to lie to you?
“IT’S MY PERSONAL CHOICE!”
To make an informed choice, you need all of the available information. We all make countless decisions every day, and we don’t even think about many of our choices because they have become ingrained as part of our daily routines. But are your habitual choices aligned with your values?
If you are a paying customer of animal flesh, organs, and bodily secretions, have you compared that choice with other animal issues that you find morally reprehensible? For example, are you appalled by the Yulin Dog Meat Festival, the 10-day annual celebration in China at which up to 15,000 dogs are slaughtered? Are you against dog fighting? Or animal experimentation? Or animals used in circuses and amusement parks? How can it be wrong to harm animals for pleasure and profit in some cases but not others?
Do you consider yourself an animal lover? Do you become upset when you find out that a cat or dog has suffered and died due to neglect or abuse? Could you kill an animal yourself? Is there an ethical or practical difference between committing an act of violence yourself and paying someone else to do it for you?
Have you ever actually watched any of the standard “humane” procedures that these animals endure, such as de-beaking, de-horning, castration, forced insemination, teeth clipping, tail clipping, burning marks in skin, hole punching in ears for tags, udder singeing, spiked nose ringing, and other mutilations, which are carried out without any painkillers? These are standard practices on farms of all sizes. If you don’t believe that animals who are used and killed for food endure these painful procedures, just do an internet search and find out for yourself.
Have you ever actually watched any of the standard “humane” slaughter procedures that these animals endure, such as piglet thumping (sickly piglets are killed by slamming them headfirst on concrete); the gassing, suffocation, and maceration of male chicks in the egg industry; or terrified cows in a line waiting to be slaughtered as they watch and hear other cows fighting for their lives?
Do you know the standard procedure for slaughtering chickens? It’s an electrical water-bath stun system. The birds are hung upside down with their legs shackled into a metal conveyor, and they are moved through a vat of electrified water, which is intended to stun and paralyze them into a tonic seizure that causes their muscles to contract, rendering them unconscious before their necks are slit by an industrial blade. Their bodies are then dropped into scalding hot water, which removes their feathers. This system doesn’t always work, and millions of them are still conscious and experience intense suffering before they die. Nine billion chickens are killed for food each year in the U.S. Even if only 1% of them are not effectively stunned (and the estimate is much higher than that), that would mean that every year, more than 90 million of them are paralyzed but still fully conscious, experiencing an agonizing death.
If you find these procedures shocking and disturbing, understand that they are standard in the animal agriculture industry all over the world. The reason you haven’t heard about any of it is because it’s all hidden away by the animal agriculture industry. Again, if you don’t believe any of this, do some research yourself. There are thousands of videos available online that show exactly what happens to these animals. No one wants to watch videos that show what animals who are exploited and slaughtered for human food experience because they are more graphic and gruesome than any horror movie you’ve ever seen——and they are real! (You will find links to graphic videos here on the RESOURCES page).
The truth is that the animal agriculture industry causes hundreds of billions of sweet, gentle animals to suffer before being slaughtered with no pain relief, after lives of agony and torture.
So, if you really believe that people should respect your “personal choice” to consume animals and their bodily secretions (dairy and eggs), please remember that your choices have suffering victims. What about respecting them? And why would you choose suffering and violence when you can choose peace and compassion?
THE MANY BENEFITS OF GOING VEGAN
The good news is that there are many delicious, healthy alternatives to animals and their bodily secretions, and that you don’t need to consume animals or their bodily secretions in order to be healthy. (See THE RESOURCES page for more information and many links to resources.) While this website focuses primarily on compassion for the animals, there are many important reasons to go vegan.
It is very well-documented that animal agriculture has a major destructive impact on climate change, human health, worldwide human hunger and starvation, widespread air and water pollution, water wastage and water scarcity, deforestation, land degradation, topsoil erosion, species extinction, habitat destruction, desertification, ocean dead zones, antibiotic resistance, etc.
And let’s not forget that animal agriculture is responsible for the development of pandemic and endemic viral diseases of zoonotic origin such as SARs, Ebola, E. coli, MRSA, salmonella, MERS, H1N1 swine flu, mad cow disease (BSE), H5N1 avian influenza virus, the Spanish flu, HIV, the Nipah virus, Lassa fever, Rift Valley fever, Q fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, brucellosis, trichinosis, influenza, measles, gonorrhea, syphilis, anthrax, and oh yes...COVID-19! These zoonotic diseases all started because of humanity’s exploitation of animals. These deadly diseases and pandemics would not exist in a vegan world.
EMPATHY & COMPASSION
Once we understand that animal consumption is not a requirement for good health, and if we have access to nutritious plant-based foods, then the choice to continue supporting the meat/dairy/egg industry is a conscious decision to harm and kill animals for pleasure and self-indulgence — simply because we like the way something tastes.
Please engage in some critical thinking about your choices. You may not like the way it makes you feel, but because animal agriculture detrimentally affects other living, sentient beings, supporting that industry should at least be questioned, no matter how uncomfortable it makes you feel.
If you don't believe something you see on this website, then please do your own research, but please don't ignore it. Becoming vegan is not about good people versus bad people, or about judging anyone.
Veganism is simply about having empathy and compassion for others.
MOTHERS & BABIES
Because I’ve never been a mother, I won’t claim to understand the profound bond between a mother and her newborn. But how can human mothers support the heartless separation of non-human mothers from their babies? If you are a mother who consumes bacon, eggs, cheese, steak, chicken, ice cream, or any product that contains the flesh or bodily secretions of animals, then you should know how these babies and mothers suffer while being exploited and waiting to be slaughtered, to create and become your food. Please think about these mothers and babies who suffer so much, for nothing more than taste pleasure, convenience, and other trivial gratifications.
Chickens, pigs, cows, turkeys and other animals who are exploited and slaughtered for human food, are emotional beings with the capacity to love, and they have central nervous systems, which means that they have the capacity feel pain. These animals seek attention and affection, bond with other animals, feel emotions, and want to live——just like you and your babies, and your mother! There is no biological or nutritional necessity for humans to eat flesh, organs, or bodily secretions in order to be healthy and happy. Please think about what these mothers and babies endure, and ask yourself if paying for this kind of horrific treatment is compassionate, ethical...and who you really are.
WHAT HAPPENS TO CHICKS?
Baby chickens and turkeys are hatched in large incubators where they never even knowing their mothers. They spend their lives in filthy, crowded cages or warehouses filled with toxic ammonia fumes. They live in misery until they are slaughtered, never experiencing their mother’s love and protection.
Birds raised for meat live about six weeks, and because of genetic engineering designed to make them develop more flesh, they balloon to over six times their natural weight. Their underdeveloped bones often cannot handle this extra weight, which causes painful skeletal disorders. Many become lame and die because they cannot get to food or water.
Male chicks born to egg-laying hens are considered non-profitable waste by the egg industry. These babies can’t lay eggs, and the egg-laying breeds do not grow as large as the Cornish birds who are slaughtered for meat; therefore, the egg industry slaughters the male chicks born to egg-laying hens by grinding them up alive, gassing them, or just tossing them into trash bags where they slowly suffocate in agony.
Female chicks born to egg-laying hens will be kept alive from 18 months to two years, depending on their egg production. De-beaking these babies is standard procedure worldwide: The ends of their beaks are cut off with hot blades (without pain killers) when they are just a few days old so that they won’t frantically peck each other in the intense confinement of battery cages and “cage-free” warehouses. Many of these de-beaked chickens starve to death because eating is too painful. Because their reproductive systems have been manipulated to produce up to 10 times more eggs than their frail little bodies are designed to bear, the constant egg production depletes their bodies of calcium, and most of them suffer from debilitating osteoporosis. They experience chronic physical and emotional pain until their egg productivity declines. When they are no longer “commercially viable” to the egg industry, these birds are sold to the meat industry, and slaughtered after lives of nothing but pain and misery. If you support the egg industry, then you are also supporting the meat industry.
WHAT HAPPENS TO PIGLETS?
Baby pigs are taken away from their mothers just a few weeks after being born. They spend their short lives crowded in filthy pens on slabs of concrete before they are sent to slaughter. They are allowed to nurse through tiny, narrow gestation crates in which their mother is restrained. Because piglets compete for udders, they sometimes fight, which can cause injuries to their snouts and faces, and to the mother’s teats. To minimize potential damage to the “meat,” their eight eye-teeth are snipped off with sharp tools, with no pain relief.
The piglets’ tails are chopped off, their ears are mutilated, and the males have their testicles cut out of their scrotums with pliers. These babies scream in agony, and no pain killers are given. These procedures are legal and standard in the meat industry worldwide. The mothers are impregnated over and over again, and the cycle of forced breeding and restrained torture continues for years, as the mothers lose their babies over and over again, until the mothers themselves are slaughtered.
WHAT HAPPENS TO CALVES?
Babies born to dairy cows are removed almost immediately from their mothers, which is devastating for them. The separation occurs quickly because bonding would make separation even more difficult later and could affect the mother’s milk production, which is the dairy industry’s only concern. When a calf is taken away from his or her mother, she will scream and cry for hours or even days.
The calves are denied their mothers’ milk and fed formula instead so that the milk “product” isn’t wasted. The impulse to suckle is so strong in baby calves that they will desperately try to suckle each other’s ears and faces when they are within reach, or even on the fingers of the farm and slaughterhouse workers.
Male calves born to dairy cows are considered non-profitable waste by the dairy industry. These babies can’t produce milk; therefore, the dairy industry kills them immediately, or keeps them for six months in dark, enclosed boxes all alone, until they are sold to the meat industry to be slaughtered for veal. The female calves are destined to become tortured “milk machines” just like their mothers, which usually entails about four years of misery, during which they are forcibly impregnated, give birth, lose their babies over and over again. These mothers are hooked up to machines that pump their udders, until eventually, their worn-out bodies collapse, and then they are sent to slaughter. These procedures are legal and standard worldwide in the dairy industry, and any support of the dairy industry is also support of the meat industry.
WHY ARE YOU PAYING FOR SUFFERING & VIOLENCE TO MOTHERS & BABIES?
If you are appalled by the separation of babies from their mothers, the restriction of maternal bonding and nursing, and the painful mutilations and confinement that these babies and mothers experience for their entire lives until they are slaughtered...then why are you paying for it with your food choices? Because you like the way flesh and bodily secretions taste? Is that who you really are?
All of this horror is very well-documented, and is accessible via numerous videos available online. In fact, the meat, dairy, and egg industries (and our governments) don’t even deny that these mothers and babies endure all of this misery and torture. It’s all about money, it’s all hidden from the public, and all it’s considered “humane.” But people don’t want to know, or simply don’t care because they like the way something tastes? How can that be? Is this really who we are? Can any mother imagine her baby being treated this horrifically?
These mothers and babies aren’t machines. They are sentient beings with central nervous systems. They endure severe psychological, emotional, and physical trauma for their entire lives. It’s absurd to claim that they are mere objects who aren’t capable of experiencing emotions, including grief, loneliness, terror, and fear.
Please think about these mothers and babies before you make your food choices. There is an abundance of delicious, nutritious, and affordable plant-based food that doesn’t come from harming, exploiting, and killing mothers and babies. All sentient beings have the right to experience the nurturing love of their mothers, and to live free from exploitation, abuse, and slaughter by humans——because humans CAN behave morally, think rationally, and live happy and healthy lives without consuming flesh and bodily secretions. Please think about it and open your heart. Please treat all mothers and babies the way you want yourself and your babies, and your own mother, to be treated.
HAVE YOU EVER MET A CHICKEN?
Chickens are very loving and lovable. They are intelligent, inquisitive, sensitive, and social, and have unique personalities. Chickens form relationships, bond with others, and have social hierarchies. Because of their social nature, they look out for their families and for other chickens in their group. Mother hens care for and protect their children, and show a range of loving maternal traits. Their cognitive abilities can be more advanced than those of cats, dogs, and even some primates. Chickens can complete complex mental tasks and are able to add, subtract, and even discriminate between quantities. They have adept communication skills and at least 30 different vocal communication calls. Chickens like to hang out together, taking dust baths, roosting in trees, and lying in the sun.
The chickens who are eaten by humans are called broiler chickens. They are genetically selected to reach a grotesque weight of more than six times their natural weight in only six weeks. They are still babies when they are slaughtered, but they are so large for their underdeveloped bones that many cannot even stand on their legs, let alone walk. They develop painful skeletal disorders, lameness, and cracked bones, and spend their short lives in misery.
INDUSTRY STANDARD FOR SLAUGHTERING CHICKENS
People who eat chickens should know the industry standard for slaughtering them. Approximately 9 billion chickens are killed for food each year in the United States. The method favored and primarily used by US poultry processors is an electrical water-bath stun system – The birds are hung upside down with their legs shackled into a metal conveyor, and they are moved through a vat of electrified water, which is intended to stun and paralyze them into a tonic seizure that causes their muscles to contract, rendering them unconscious before their necks are slit by an industrial blade. Their bodies are then dropped into scalding hot water, which removes their feathers. This method is the industry standard, which is considered humane.
Research shows that this method does not consistently render the chickens unconscious before they are killed, which means that hundreds of millions of them experience intense suffering. EVEN IF ONLY 1% OF US CHICKENS RAISED FOR MEAT EACH YEAR ARE NOT EFFECTIVELY STUNNED, THAT WOULD MEAN THAT MORE THAN 90 MILLION OF THEM ARE PARALYZED BUT STILL FULLY CONSCIOUS, EXPERIENCING AN AGONIZING DEATH.
HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF CHICKENS ARE BOILED ALIVE EVERY YEAR IN THE UNITED STATES
What’s worse is that US poultry companies deliberately use electrical settings aimed at producing the best quality meat, rather than ensuring that chickens are effectively stunned. Researchers report that the settings do not always stun the chickens into unconsciousness because low-voltage electricity is intentionally used, leaving the birds paralyzed but not unconscious, thus causing intense pain before they die.
Prior to the electrical water-bath, the chickens are forcibly removed from crates, which can cause broken bones and wings. Because chickens do not have diaphragms, when they are hung upside down, their internal organs are painfully compressed as they dangle. Chickens have pain receptors in their legs, which means that the shackling process is of course excruciating. Most of them flap their wings immediately after being shackled, and because they are usually about six weeks old, their joints and tendons are underdeveloped. Intense wing-flapping can lead to dislocated joints, broken bones, and hemorrhaging in their wings. Flapping can also cause birds to receive painful shocks as their wings touch the electrified water before their heads are submerged.
Some chickens survive the water-bath and miss the industrial blade. THE US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ESTIMATES THAT HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF BIRDS ARE BOILED ALIVE EVERY YEAR BECAUSE THEY MANAGE TO SURVIVE UNTIL THEY ARE DROPPED INTO THE TANK OF SCALDING WATER. Remember that this method of killing them is the US industry standard, and that there are no government regulations or oversight in the US for chickens. (The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act does not cover birds at all.) We must rely on the animal agriculture industry itself to slaughter these animals “humanely.”
DE-BEAKING IS A PAINFUL, LEGAL, & STANDARD PROCEDURE, & U.S. FARMERS & THE GOVERNMENT ADMIT THAT CHICKENS SUFFER
De-beaking causes chronic pain, and the U.S. government openly acknowledges that de-beaking is standard procedure and extremely painful. This “Laying Hen Welfare Fact Sheet” (above) issued by the Livestock Behavior Research Unit of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) clearly acknowledges the following:
DE-BEAKING IS EXTREMELY PAINFUL FOR CHICKENS, AND CAUSES CHRONIC SUFFERING
DE-BEAKING IS A LEGAL, STANDARD PROCEDURE ON U.S. FARMS OF ALL SIZES.
When people say that these animals don’t suffer, show them this document, which by itself proves that the vast majority of the land animals who are exploited and slaughtered for food in the U.S. do indeed experience long-lasting pain as a result of de-beaking. According to the USDA’s most recent data, 9.76 billion land animals are slaughtered every year for human consumption, and 9.34 billion (95.7%) of them are chickens.
According to the USDA, over 95% of egg-laying hens in the United States live in battery cages in which the space each hen has to move for practically her entire life (usually about 18 months) is approximately the size of an iPad. That means that 19 out of 20 eggs consumed in the U.S. come from suffering, sick chickens crammed together (as many as 10) in a cage so small that they cannot spread their wings. Broiler chickens (the ones raised and slaughtered for meat) are also de-beaked, as are turkeys and ducks, so the percentage of all land animals in the U.S. who suffer chronically from de-beaking is even higher.
Birds confined in the horrendous conditions of the animal agriculture industry often go insane and peck each other violently, sometimes even cannibalizing each other. What the industry calls “aggressive pecking” occurs when birds rip out the feathers of other birds, and even peck them to death and engage in cannibalism, which is why they are de-beaked. Birds injuring and killing each other impacts egg production and meat quality, which are the animal agriculture industry’s only concerns. Of course, it’s all about money, regardless of all of the pain and suffering and violence inflicted on these animals.
De-beaking is a very painful mutilation. The beaks of these birds are literally cut off or seared off with a burning-hot blade within hours or days of being born. No painkillers are used. Chicks have difficulty eating and drinking after their beaks are mutilated, and therefore suffer from hunger and dehydration and weakened immune systems, for several weeks after the procedure. Many of them literally suffer to death.
As confirmed by the USDA, a chicken’s beak is a complex, functional organ with an extensive nerve supply, including sensory receptors that detect painful stimuli. Read the highlighted portion of the document for yourself:
“Issues Related to Beak Trimming: Beak trimming has elicited a great deal of debate and research concerning the relative advantages and disadvantages of the practice from an animal welfare perspective. The bestowed benefits of lowered aggression, feather pecking, and cannibalism may indeed favor improved welfare during the laying cycle. However, a chicken’s beak is a complex, functional organ with an extensive nerve supply. Following beak trimming, several anatomical, physiological, and biochemical changes occur in cut peripheral nerves and damaged tissues. There is a considerable body of morphological, neurophysiological, behavioral and production research demonstrating the emergence of several markers of acute and chronic pain (e.g., persistent lethargy and guarding behaviors, reduced feed intake, and development of neuromas) as a result of trimming. This is of more concern when the beak trimming is conducted in birds which are 5 weeks old or older using a hot-blade beak trimmer.”
You may access a PDF of this USDA document (with 14 cited sources) HERE.
Do you really want to be supporting this immense pain and violence? If you eat birds or eggs, then YOU are directly causing this suffering, for nothing more than taste pleasure and convenience. Is that who you really are?
BATTERY CAGES ARE STANDARD IN THE U.S.
Over 95% of egg-laying hens in the United States currently live in battery cages* in which the space each hen has to move for practically her entire life (usually about 18 months) is approximately the size of an iPad. That means that 19 out of 20 eggs consumed in the US come from suffering, sick chickens crammed together (as many as 10) in a cage so small that they cannot spread their wings.
Right now, battery cages (and the sale of eggs from hens in battery cages) are prohibited only in California, and Ohio has enacted a suspension of the construction of new battery cages. Other states have passed legislation restricting battery cages that isn’t effective yet (Michigan – effective 2019, Massachusetts – effective 2022, Oregon – effective 2026, Washington – effective 2026, and Rhode Island – effective 2034). These sweet animals are suffering NOW, and many billions more will suffer before these laws are enacted.
Chickens in these horrendous conditions often go insane and peck each other violently, and even cannibalize each other, which is why they are de-beaked, a very painful mutilation that is done without painkillers. These hens also suffer from diseases due to unsanitary and hazardous conditions. Feces and urine fall from the cages above them through the cage floors made of wire.
GENETIC MANIPULATION CAUSES LIFELONG PAIN
These hens are deliberately bred to produce many more eggs than they would in nature – more eggs than their bodies can handle, which takes a severe toll on them. Chickens naturally only lay 10 to 15 eggs per year, but we have genetically tampered with them through generations of selective breeding so that they lay many more eggs. Their reproductive systems have been obscenely manipulated to produce up to 300 eggs per year, more than their frail little bodies are designed to bear.Because the constant production of an abnormal quantity of eggs depletes their bodies of massive amounts of calcium, most of them suffer from debilitating, painful osteoporosis.
In fact, in nature hens eat the egg shells, which are made of calcium carbonate, to replace their lost calcium and other nutrients. Taking a hen’s eggs away prevents her from replenishing the nutrients that are constantly leached from her body in the process of incessant egg-laying. Once a hen’s egg production declines and she is no longer commercially viable, she is slaughtered, becoming one of the 9 billion chickens killed for food each year in the United States.
THERE ARE NO U.S. FEDERAL LAWS FOR CHICKENS
There are no federal regulations for the treatment of chickens in the US. The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act only mentions how pigs, cows, sheep, and horses are to be treated when they are killed. Chickens, turkeys, and other birds have no protection at all from this extreme cruelty that is standard in the animal agriculture industry. (The majority of US states specifically exclude farm animals from anti-cruelty laws. A few states do include farm animals in some anti-cruelty laws, but those laws are almost never enforced for animals hidden away in factory farms, where 99% of farm animals come from, according to data from the US Department of Agriculture***.) Slaughterhouse and factory farm workers are legally permitted to do whatever they want to these birds. If a pet parrot or cockatiel were treated like a farm chicken, it would be considered animal cruelty and a crime.
Chickens are not machines or mere objects. They have central nervous systems. They are sentient beings with the ability to experience emotions. They can feel pleasure, pain, agony, and fear. Are those eggs really that important to you, when there are so many nutritious and delicious alternatives that don’t come from lifelong pain and torture? Please, think about your food choices and ask yourself if you are being ethical and compassionate, and try to imagine if you were forced to live like this.
* Source: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42534.pdf
MALE CHICK SLAUGHTER
Male chicks born to egg-laying hens are considered non-profitable waste. They are slaughtered by grinding or gassing, or just thrown into trash bags where they slowly die in agony. Literally suffering to death.
What's worse is that while the male chicks are at least spared agonizing lives when they are ground up or suffocated on the day they are born, the female chicks experience extreme physical and emotional pain while laying eggs for their entire lives.
WHAT ABOUT “CAGE FREE” & “FREE RANGE” EGGS?
Please don’t be fooled by “cage free” and “free range” labels, which represents 5% of egg-laying hens in the US. These labels are marketing scams. “Cage free” chickens live in massive windowless warehouses that hold tens of thousands of suffering chickens, crowded together in their own filth. “Cage free” means that although they are not squeezed into tiny wire cages, they never go outside, and they are confined in dark, crowded buildings filled with toxic gases.
“Free range” means that the chickens had access to the outdoors at least ONCE in their lives. Moving them from the hatcheries to the factory farms counts as that one time they have access to the outdoors. They are crammed together so tightly that they are forced to urinate and defecate on one another. They often have to walk on top of each other, and over the dead rotting bodies of the chickens who suffered to death, in order to get to food and water. The stench of ammonia and feces heavily permeates the air, and disease runs rampant in these filthy, cramped sheds. These chickens are de-beaked too. Don’t be fooled by the marketing tactics of the animal agriculture industry. “Cage free” and “free range” chickens also experience lifelong suffering and misery.
WHAT ABOUT “BACKYARD EGGS”?
Don’t lie to yourself: “Backyard eggs” come from suffering and violence. Some people assume that “backyard eggs” are “cruelty-free” because they can see that the hens are cared for, but if you think about it logically, those hens came from somewhere, and they definitely had brothers, who of course can’t lay eggs. Chickens give birth to males and females the same as all animals, at a ratio of about 50/50. What happened to the brothers of these hens?
“Backyard egg” sellers can’t afford to hatch their own chicks in incubators, and they can’t profit from the male chicks anyway. Why would they take care of them if they can’t profit from them? They purchase hens from the same hatcheries as the factory farms, where the male chicks are slaughtered. These babies are hatched in incubators and never come close to their mothers. At these hatcheries, male chicks are sorted out and killed by being ground up alive, gassed, or left to suffocate in garbage bags and dumpsters. What a horrible, prolonged way to die. If you don’t believe that “backyard egg” sellers purchase these hens from these same hatcheries, then ask them where the male chickens are.
Remember that “backyard egg” sellers are motivated by money. A common practice for these sellers is to order the female chicks to be shipped to them in the mail from the hatcheries. These babies are shipped without food, water, or any protection, in cardboard boxes for days. In some cases, male chicks are used as packing material for the financially valuable female chicks in the delivery boxes, and then they are tossed in the trash when the shipment arrives. The next time you purchase “backyard eggs,” ask the sellers how they obtain their egg-laying hens. If they claim to hatch the chicks themselves, then ask to see their hatchery, as well as the mother hens and the roosters. They won’t be able to show them to you because they don’t exist.
Also ask the sellers what happens to the hens when they stop laying eggs at a profitable rate. When the hens stop producing eggs efficiently, of course they are sold to be slaughtered for meat, after about two years or when the hen can no longer lay enough eggs to be profitable. When you fund “backyard egg” operations, you are also funding the meat industry. Even if the hens are allowed to live after they no longer lay eggs, and they die of natural causes (which is rarely the case), the sellers will still need to purchase more hens from the hatcheries so that they will have more hens to exploit for profit. And the cycle of suffering and violence continues.
A common misconception is that chickens are always just naturally “giving” eggs to humans. Today’s egg-laying hens have been intensively bred to lay between 250 to 300 eggs per year. These hens who lay “backyard eggs” are the same hens whose bodies have been selectively bred and genetically tampered with so that they lay as many as 10 times more eggs than their bodies are designed to lay. In the wild, chickens, like all birds, lay only during breeding season (primarily in the spring) and they lay only enough eggs to ensure the natural survival of their genes. When humans interfere with the natural process of a hen protecting and nesting with her eggs, by constantly taking them away from her, her body instinctively responds by producing more eggs!
Furthermore, in nature, a hen would eat the shells of her own unfertilized eggs (which are made of calcium carbonate) in order to replenish calcium and other nutrients that are leeched from her body as a result of constant, labor-intensive egg production. Every time a hen produces an egg shell, she must mobilize approximately 10% of the calcium stored in her bones. Because the incessant production of an abnormal quantity of eggs depletes their bodies of massive amounts of calcium, and because their eggs are taken from them so that they cannot restore their decreased calcium, most of these hens suffer from debilitating, painful osteoporosis.
Even if hens producing “backyard eggs” are treated with kindness and respect, humans are still taking something that doesn’t belong to them, and doing so perpetuates the mentality that animals are here for humans to treat as property and to exploit for their bodily secretions. In a world that already uses and enslaves animals and harvests their bodies for profit, supporting “backyard egg” operations continues this abusive and unethical status quo. It is pure egotism to think that we have the right to devalue and disregard other conscious, sentient beings just to fulfill our own selfish desires, which in this case, all revolve around convenience, tradition, habit, and taste pleasure. “Backyard egg” sellers may not be harming those individual chickens directly, but they ARE harming all chickens everywhere, by normalizing the exploitation of chickens and the consumption of their eggs.
As consumers, our most significant act to help animals is to boycott all of these barbaric industries, thus ending our consumption of ALL animal products. This is the only way that we can ensure that animals will be treated fairly, with genuine kindness and respect, because there is no practical way to monitor each and every situation. When we stop contributing to these harmful industries, we are sending a very powerful message to everyone: HUMANS DO NOT NEED TO USE OR CONSUME ANIMALS OR THEIR BODILY SECRETIONS FOR ANY REASON WHATSOEVER.
HAVE YOU EVER MET A COW?
Cows are the gentle giants of the world. Cows are sweet and docile, and they and have no instinct to harm, which is why they are easily exploited. They are very intelligent and emotional. They like to cuddle, and they can form tight bonds with each other, humans, and other animals. When a calf is taken away from his or her mother, she will scream and cry for hours or even days. Please visit cows at an animal sanctuary so that you can see for yourself how extremely affectionate and loving they are. Try to think of cows as living beings rather than packaged products served as food, or as machines that produce milk.
HUMANS, COW MILK, & COMMON SENSE
WHAT IS MILK? Milk is lactating secretion produced by the mammary glands of mammals who have given birth. Milk is the primary source of nutrition and growth hormones for baby mammals, and all milk is biologically designed for specific species: For example, dog milk is for baby dogs, rat milk is for baby rats, and human milk is for baby humans.
WHY DO COWS PRODUCE MILK? Like all mammals, cows produce milk when they give birth. That milk is specifically designed to be the primary source of nutrition and growth hormones for baby cows. A cow must be pregnant to produce milk. The purpose of cow milk is to help a baby cow who weighs less than 100 pounds (45 kg) become an adult cow who can weigh as much as 2,000 pounds (907 kg), depending on breed.
WHY AREN’T BABY COWS ALLOWED TO DRINK THEIR MOTHERS’ MILK ON DAIRY FARMS? In the dairy industry, baby cows who need their mothers’ milk are taken away from their mothers and denied that milk. Baby cows are deprived of their mothers’ milk because for some bizarre and irrational reason, humans want to consume it. These baby cows are either slaughtered right away, or they are isolated in boxes for several months (like the baby in this image), to be slaughtered and served to humans as veal. (Although some dairy farms have found a much crueler way to treat these cows. They insert a spiked nose ring into the calf’s nose so that the spikes will poke the mother cow when the calf tries to suckle on her udders. The mother rejects the calf because of the spikes. These cruel devices allow dairies to say that they don’t separate babies from mothers! They aren’t separated, but they can’t nurse or bond!)
WHY DO HUMANS WANT TO CONSUME COW MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTS? Dairy farmers, the animal agriculture industry, the mainstream media, the government, and even the healthcare industry have successfully used propaganda to convince most humans that stealing and consuming bovine mammary secretions is healthy, necessary, natural, and completely normal behavior—because there is MONEY to be made by exploiting and torturing cows. Yes, it’s all about money.
WHEN YOU REALLY THINK ABOUT IT, DOES IT MAKE SENSE TO CONSUME THE BODILY FLUIDS OF OTHER ANIMALS? Please seriously think about that. Would you eat cheese made from dog milk? Rat milk? Human milk? You wouldn’t eat cheese made from the milk from your own species? Why not? Mammary secretions are baby growth formula intended for the offspring of specific species. Why would an intelligent, rational human adult consume bovine mammary secretions, paying the dairy industry to exploit, torture, and ultimately slaughter cows? Please think about it, and be the ethical person you claim to be.
DAIRY IS TORTURE & DEATH
The dairy industry IS the veal industry. Like all mammals, cows must be pregnant to produce milk. The babies who need that milk are taken away from their mothers, and what happens to them? The female calves are destined to become tortured milking machines themselves, forcibly impregnated over and over again to keep the milk flowing. The male calves are either killed right away, or they are shackled inside crates all alone, and later slaughtered for veal.
When a calf is taken away from his or her mother, she will scream and cry for hours or even days. It's astounding how many people can't seem to make this connection, or just don’t care about this insane cruelty, all to consume the mammary secretions of another species. There are many cruelty-free delicious and healthy alternatives to dairy products. Please think about what you support when you purchase anything with cow milk in it, and start making ethical and compassionate and rational choices!
THE SPIKED NOSE RING: THE CRUELEST OF THE CRUEL
The spiked nose ring (see images above) is a standard device used by dairy farmers (on small dairy farms too). The reason they insert these cruel devices into a calf’s nose is so that the spikes will poke the mother cow when a calf tries to suckle on her udders. The mother rejects the calf because of the spikes.
But WHY does the dairy industry inflict this cruelty on babies and mothers? SO THAT THEY CAN (TRUTHFULLY) SAY THAT THEY DON’T SEPARATE BABIES FROM MOTHERS! They aren’t separated, but they can’t nurse or bond! The mammary secretions intended for the babies are stolen for humans to consume, so that the dairy industry can profit from animal exploitation and cruelty!
Imagine the torture of babies trying to nurse from their mothers, and being unable to do so because of this device, all so that bovine mammary secretions (actual baby growth formula) can be stolen for humans to consume. THIS IS THE DAIRY INDUSTRY! PLEASE STOP SUPPORTING ANIMAL CRUELTY! Please buy plant-based products!
WHY ARE YOU STILL BREASTFEEDING...FROM A COW?!
If you want mammary secretions, get them from your own mother! Would it be bizarre to consume breast milk as an adult from your mother? Isn’t it even more bizarre to consume breast milk as an adult from another species?
Think about that for a moment: Why are you still breastfeeding? Aren’t you angry that the dairy industry’s propaganda has tricked you all of these years?! You are literally consuming bodily secretions intended for a baby, and you think that is completely normal and natural?! It’s time to WAKE UP!
Please think about these suffering animals and ask yourself if stealing and consuming mammary secretions from babies who are slaughtered...is who you really are. Please purchase plant-based products. They are everywhere, and they are healthy and delicious!
ARE YOU RESPONSIBLE FOR KILLING THIS BABY?
Look at that cute baby! He’s on his way to the slaughterhouse because his mother is a dairy cow, and since he can’t produce milk, the dairy farmers will sell him to the veal industry, and he will never see his mother again. IF YOU PURCHASE DAIRY PRODUCTS, YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR KILLING THIS BABY.
Cows (and all animals exploited for human food) are emotional beings, capable of love, affection, and a wide range of emotions. They are sentient individuals with central nervous systems and full subjective awareness. They seek attention and affection, bond with other animals, care about their babies, feel emotions, can experience pain and suffering, and want to live——just like us!
Vegetarians need to understand that the dairy industry IS the veal industry. Like all mammals, cows must be pregnant to produce milk. Milk is lactating secretion produced by the mammary glands of mammals who have given birth. Cow milk is specifically designed as the primary source of nutrition and growth hormones for baby cows. The purpose of cow milk is to help a baby cow who weigh less than 100 pounds (45 kg) become an adult cow who can weigh as much as 2,000 pounds (907 kg), depending on breed. The baby cows who need that milk are cruelly taken away from their mothers. The female calves are destined to become tortured milking machines themselves, forcibly impregnated over and over again to keep the milk flowing. The male calves are either killed right away, or they are shackled inside crates all alone, and later slaughtered for veal.
Dairy farmers, the animal agriculture industry, and the government have successfully used propaganda, lies, and bogus studies to brainwash most humans into believing that stealing and consuming bovine mammary secretions is healthy, necessary, natural, and completely normal behavior——because there is money to be made by exploiting and torturing cows. Yes, it’s all about MONEY.
Cows are the gentle giants of the world. They are sweet and docile, and they and have no instinct to harm, which is why they are easily exploited. There are now cruelty-free delicious and healthy plant-based alternatives to dairy products that are abundantly available.
A measure of human morality is how we treat the innocent and helpless. All sentient beings have the right to experience the nurturing love of their mothers, and to live free from exploitation, harm, and slaughter by humans——because unlike wild animals, humans can behave morally, think rationally, and live happy and healthy lives without consuming animals or their bodily secretions.
THE MISERABLE LIFE OF A DAIRY COW
Try to imagine what your life would be like if you were a dairy cow being exploited for your bodily secretions, hooked up to machines, forcibly impregnated over and over again while your babies are taken away from you, imprisoned in misery until the day that you are sold to the meat industry to be slaughtered because you stop producing milk at a profitable rate.
Cows are not milk-making machines. They are sentient beings with central nervous systems and brains——just like you and your pets——which means that they have full self-awareness and can experience emotions, and pain and suffering. Please think about these cows and ask yourself if stealing and consuming mammary secretions from babies who are slaughtered along with their mothers...is who you really are.
And aren’t you irritated that you’ve been socially conditioned by decades of dairy industry propaganda to engage in a behavior as bizarre as consuming another species’ mammary secretions? What is milk anyway? Isn’t it species-specific food for babies? You know, like dog milk is for baby dogs, giraffe milk is for baby giraffes, orangutan milk is for baby orangutans, cow milk is for...YOU? Seriously? Think about that.
All mammals produce milk when they have babies. The milk is specifically designed for their babies. Drinking the mammary secretions of another species is not natural or normal. Would you drink a glass of human breast milk, or eat cheese or ice cream made from human breast milk? If you think that’s gross, stop and really think about that. You won’t consume the milk of your own species, but you think it’s totally normal to consume bovine bodily fluids?
Please purchase plant-based products. They are everywhere, and they are healthy and delicious! It just takes a little extra time to look for non-dairy ice cream, beverages, cheese, butter, etc. Why would you want to fund an industry that harms and kills animals for mammary secretions that aren’t for you and that you don’t need, especially when there is an abundance of alternative products that taste the same and are healthier for you?!
Awesome Websites About the Dairy Industry
WHY WAS JOAQUIN PHOENIX TALKING ABOUT COWS DURING HIS OSCAR SPEECH?
Okay...maybe you really don’t know what happens to cows in the dairy industry. It’s possible that you are not aware of the inherent suffering and violence that the dairy industry inflicts on cows. In his Oscar speech on February 9, 2020, you heard Joaquin Phoenix make a reference to stealing a baby from a cow, and her “unmistakable cries of anguish.” What’s that all about? Here is a comprehensive breakdown of the dairy industry...
HAVE YOU EVER MET A COW?
Cows are the gentle giants of the world. Cows are sweet and docile, and they and have no instinct to harm, which is why they are easily exploited by humans. They are very intelligent and emotional. They like to cuddle, and they can form tight bonds with each other, humans, and other animals. Cows are emotional beings, capable of love, affection, and a wide range of emotions. They are sentient individuals with central nervous systems and full subjective awareness. They seek attention and affection, bond with other animals, care about their babies, feel emotions, can experience pain and suffering, and want to live—just like you and your companion animals.
THE MISERABLE LIFE OF A DAIRY COW
The indisputable purpose of the dairy industry is stealing mammary secretions from babies and selling that milk (and the cows themselves) for profit. Yes, it’s all about MONEY. Like all mammals, cows must have been pregnant to produce milk. Milk isn’t created without a baby to drink it. But on dairy farms, baby cows are prevented from drinking their mothers’ milk, so that it can be sold to humans. Try to imagine what your life would be like if you were a dairy cow being exploited for your bodily secretions, hooked up to machines, forcibly impregnated over and over again while your babies are taken away from you, imprisoned in misery until the day that you are sold to the meat industry to be slaughtered because you stop producing milk at a profitable rate. Yes, that is the dairy industry in a nutshell.
MOTHER COWS DO CRY IN ANGUISH
When a calf is taken away from his or her mother, she will scream and cry for hours or even days because she wants to bond with her baby. Calves are removed almost immediately from their mothers, which is devastating for her and her baby. The separation occurs quickly because bonding would make separation even more difficult later and could affect the mother’s milk production, which is the dairy industry’s only concern—because it’s all about money. The calves are denied their mothers’ milk and fed formula instead so that the milk product isn’t “wasted.” Cows are not milk-making machines. They are sentient beings with central nervous systems and brains—just like you and your companion animals—which means that they have full self-awareness and can experience emotions, and pain and suffering. Please think about these cows and ask yourself if stealing and consuming mammary secretions from babies who are slaughtered along with their mothers...is who you really are.
DAIRY FARMING IS A BABY-KILLING ENTERPRISE
The male calves obviously can’t produce milk, which is why the dairy farmers kill them right away, or they shackle these babies inside crates all alone, where they will spend a few months until they are slaughtered for veal. The impulse to suckle is so strong in baby calves that they will desperately try to suckle each other’s ears and faces when they are within reach, or even on the fingers of the workers on the farms and in the slaughterhouses. The female calves are destined to become tortured milking machines themselves, which usually entails about four years of misery, during which they are forcibly impregnated over again to keep the milk flowing. They give birth, lose calves over and over again, and are hooked up to machines, until eventually, their worn-out bodies collapse, and then they are ultimately sent to slaughter. These are the simple facts of the dairy industry. Go ahead: Ask a dairy farmer!
THE SPIKED NOSE RING: THE CRUELEST OF THE CRUEL
If a dairy farmer tells you that the mothers and babies are not separated, that’s because they use the spiked nose ring, a standard device used in the dairy industry (on small dairy farms too). The reason they insert these cruel devices into a calf’s nose is so that the spikes will poke the mother cow when a calf tries to suckle on her udders. The mother rejects the calf because of the spikes. But WHY does the dairy industry inflict this cruelty on babies and mothers? So that they can (truthfully) say that they don’t separate babies from mothers! They aren’t separated, but they can’t nurse or bond! The mammary secretions intended for the babies are stolen for humans to consume, so that the dairy industry can profit from animal exploitation and cruelty! Imagine the torture of babies trying to nurse from their mothers, and being unable to do so because of this device, all so that bovine mammary secretions (actual baby growth formula) can be stolen for humans to consume.
WHAT IS MILK?
Milk is maternal lactating secretion produced by the mammary glands of mammals who have given birth. Milk, quite simply, is a short-term nutrient for newborns. All mammals produce milk when they have babies. The milk is biologically designed for babies of specific species: For example, dog milk is for baby dogs, rat milk is for baby rats, elephant milk is for baby elephants, and human milk is for baby humans. Milk is baby growth formula, and contains hormones, proteins, fats, minerals, etc. for an infant of a particular species. Cow milk is perfectly designed to turn a baby cow who weighs less than 100 pounds (45 kg) become an adult cow who can weigh as much as 2,000 pounds (907 kg), depending on breed. Like all mothers’ milk, it is filled with hormones, proteins, growth factors, fat, and cholesterol. Additionally, cow milk contains millions of pus cells, blood, steroids, bacteria, pathogens, and acidic proteins (which leech minerals and calcium from human bones). Over 80% of the protein in cow milk is casein, which is also used as an ingredient in some paints, glues, and, oh yes...cheese.
WHY DO HUMANS CONSUME COW MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTS?
Because they’ve been told that they must! Dairy farmers, the animal agriculture industry, the mainstream media, the government, and even the healthcare industry have successfully used propaganda to convince most humans that stealing and consuming bovine mammary secretions is healthy, necessary, natural, and completely normal behavior—because there is MONEY to be made by exploiting and torturing cows. Yes, it’s all about money. Would you drink cat milk? Giraffe milk? Orangutan milk? That’s crazy, right?! Would you drink human breast milk if a pregnant woman squeezed you a glass? Would you eat cheese or ice cream made from human breast milk? Gross, right?! But think about that: You won’t consume the milk of your own species, but you think it’s totally normal to consume bovine bodily fluids as an adult? Drinking the mammary secretions of another species is not natural or normal. Mammary secretions are intended for the babies of specific animals. Perhaps you believe that this behavior is normal because you’ve been told that it is normal since you were a child? Why would an intelligent, rational human adult consume bovine mammary secretions, paying the dairy industry to exploit, torture, and ultimately slaughter cows?
YOU’RE BREASTFEEDING FROM A COW BECAUSE YOU’VE BEEN DUPED BY CORPORATE PROPAGANDA?
Yes! Think about it. Isn’t it fundamentally gross and crazy to consume the mammary secretions of another species, especially as an adult? And from a cow rather than another human? Most of us have been duped by corporate propaganda. It’s really all about exploiting defenseless animals for money. The dairy industry floods our schools with propaganda, saturates the media with deceptive ads, and pays off politicians with campaign contributions (which results in taxpayer subsidies and very little oversight of what happens to these animals). Aren’t you irritated that you’ve been duped all of these years by corporate propaganda to engage in a behavior as bizarre as consuming another species’ mammary secretions—bovine growth formula stolen from baby cows? You are literally consuming bodily secretions intended for a baby, and you think that is completely normal and natural?!
PLEASE MAKE COMPASSIONATE CHOICES
Yes, of course consuming dairy is your choice. But why would you choose suffering and violence when you can choose peace and compassion? Are the fleeting taste sensations of bovine bodily secretions really that important to you, when there are so many nutritious and delicious alternatives that don’t come from the suffering and slaughter of emotional beings? Please think about your food choices and ask yourself if you are being ethical and compassionate, and if causing pain and suffering and slaughter for nothing more than momentary, trivial taste pleasure...is who you really are. There is no biological requirement for humans to consume animals or their bodily secretions. Plant-based alternatives are everywhere now, and they are healthy and delicious! It just takes a little extra time to look for non-dairy ice cream, beverages, yogurt, cheese, butter, etc.
WHO YOU REALLY ARE
Please think about what you support when you purchase anything with cow milk in it, and start making ethical and compassionate and rational choices! Why would you want to fund an industry that harms and kills animals for mammary secretions that aren’t for you and that you don’t need, especially when there is an abundance of alternative products that taste the same and are healthier for you?! The choice to continue supporting the dairy industry is a conscious decision to harm, exploit, and kill others for pleasure and self-indulgence—simply because you like the way something tastes. Is that who you really are? A measure of human morality is how we treat the innocent and helpless. All sentient beings have the right to experience the nurturing love of their mothers, and to live free from exploitation, harm, and slaughter by humans—because unlike other animals, humans can behave morally, think rationally, and live happy and healthy lives without consuming animals or their bodily secretions. Going vegan is simply about choosing peace and compassion, instead of suffering and violence.
NOW YOU KNOW
So...if you didn’t understand why Joaquin Phoenix mentioned cows in his Oscar speech...now you do. Now that you know, will you please make compassionate choices that are consistent with who you really are?
DE-HORNING IS PAINFUL, LEGAL, & STANDARD
All cows are born with tissue that will develop into horns. A standard practice in the meat industry and the dairy industry (worldwide) is to remove the sensitive horn tissue (or the horns themselves) from the cows’ skulls by using searing-hot irons, blades, saws, caustic chemicals, or guillotine-like de-horners.
WHY ARE COWS DE-HORNED? According to the animal agriculture industry, there are many reasons:
To decrease aggressiveness in the cows
To produce docile cows that are easier to handle
To enhance safety and to decrease risk of injury to farm employees
To reduce the risk of injury and bruising to other cows
To require less space for the cows
To prevent financial losses that could result from having to trim damaged carcasses caused by horned cows during transport to slaughter
To gain a price advantage because hornless cows are more desirable to buyers
Cows are usually de-horned when they are very young calves. Also called de-budding, this procedure is extremely traumatic to these babies, who are just a few weeks old when their horn buds are burned off or cut out of their heads. For older cows, amputation is required because the horns have already attached to the skull.
Of course, farmers know that this mutilation is excruciatingly painful. Cows struggle violently and have to be restrained during the painful de-horning process, which is done without anesthetics or painkillers.
CAN YOU IMAGINE IF SOMEONE AMPUTATED A PART OF YOUR BODY, FOR NO REASON OTHER THAN WANTING TO EXPLOIT YOU FOR YOUR BODILY SECRETIONS AND YOUR FLESH?
If you don’t believe that de-horning is a legal and standard procedure, when was the last time you saw a cow with horns?
When you pay for cow meat or dairy products, you are paying for cows to be de-horned. Please think about it, and STOP PAYING FOR ANIMAL CRUELTY AND TORTURE!
“BUT COWS’ UDDERS WOULD EXPLODE IF WE DIDN’T MILK THEM!”
Dairy industry brainwashing is so pervasive and ingrained that some people actually believe one of the most absurd dairy industry lies——that humans are doing cows a favor by milking them because cows constantly produce milk, and their udders will explode if humans don’t milk them. WHAT??!! Why would this be the case for cows but for no other mammals? ALL MAMMALS MUST HAVE BEEN PREGNANT TO PRODUCE MILK. Mammals don’t produce milk if there is not a baby to drink it. Dairy farmers forcibly impregnate cows over and over again. That’s why they produce milk! To feed their babies!
But, of course, the babies don’t get their mothers’ milk. They are fed some kind of formula instead so that the milk “product” isn’t “wasted.” After all, bovine mammary secretions are created for humans! WHAT??!!
Milk is maternal lactating secretion produced by the mammary glands of mammals who have given birth. Milk, by definition, is a short-term nutrient for newborn—baby growth formula that is biologically designed for specific species. Cow milk is perfectly designed to transform a baby cow who weighs less than 100 pounds (45 kg) into an adult cow who can weigh as much as 2,000 pounds (907 kg), depending on breed. All milk produced by mammals contains hormones, proteins, fats, growth factors, and cholesterol, for an infant of a particular species. Cow milk also contains millions of pus cells, blood, steroids, bacteria, pathogens, and acidic proteins (which leech minerals and calcium from human bones). Over 80% of the protein in cow milk is casein, which is so gooey and sticky that it is also used as an ingredient in paint and glue! Seriously! Gross!
The good news is that the dairy industry wouldn’t be fighting back so hard if sales of dairy products were not rapidly declining, and dairy farm closures were not at record high numbers. Sales of plant-based products continue to skyrocket, as consumers finally wake up to the suffering and violence that these emotional, lovable cows experience. Today there are many nutritious and delicious alternatives to dairy that don’t come from suffering and slaughter. (Yes, all of these cows are ultimately sent to a slaughterhouse after the dairy industry is done exploiting them.)
The choice to support the dairy industry is a conscious decision to harm, exploit, and kill animals. Going vegan is simply about choosing peace and compassion, instead of suffering and violence. Please say NO to dairy!
HAVE YOU EVER MET A PIG?
Pigs are emotional and have distinct personalities. They are gentle, lovable, loyal, and intelligent animals – as smart as a three-year-old child! Pigs are just as sociable as dogs and can develop strong bonds with humans. Pigs like to snuggle with each other and sleep nose to nose. They exhibit empathy for others and have excellent long-term memories. Pigs love to play and engage in mock fighting with each other. Pigs can live in complex social communities, in which they keep track of other individuals – pigs, humans, and other animals. Pigs communicate constantly with one another, with over 20 different vocalizations to communicate different things.
PIGS AND DOGS ARE VERY SIMILAR
Both wag their tails when they are happy.
They are very smart, sociable, loyal, and emotional.
They love to cuddle and be petted.
Pigs and dogs can live indoors with humans as companion animals.
Both can learn tricks, such as how to sit on command, roll over, and jump through hoops.
They can remember specific past events, and can anticipate future events.
Pigs and dogs love to run around and play in wide open spaces.
They engage in play fighting with each other.
They love lying in the sun in piles with other dogs and pigs.
Pigs and dogs show empathy for other animals.
They call for help when their human companion needs medical attention.
But pigs are legally born in tiny metal gestation crates, allowed to nurse from their restrained mother through farrowing crates on concrete, have their tails chopped off and their teeth snipped off, are locked inside filthy crowded pens, and slaughtered at six months of age after lives of misery. Dogs are protected by laws, have rights, and are not eaten by most humans.
PIG THUMPING: LOOK INSIDE THESE “DEAD BOXES”
If you eat animals (or consume bodily secretions from animals who are eventually slaughtered) then you need to LOOK INSIDE THESE DUMPSTERS. These are known as “dead boxes.” These are pigs, most of them babies, who were sickly or injured, and therefore not profitable for the pig farmers, who just throw them into a dumpster.
Pig thumping is a standard procedure in the animal agriculture industry worldwide. In factory farms, sickly and injured piglets are slammed on the ground to kill them, and then they are discarded into a “dead box.” There are also mother pigs inside the dumpsters, who are too sick and injured to give birth to anymore babies. Some of these pigs don’t die right away, and therefore lie in agony inside these dumpsters, slowly dying. When you make the decision pay for dead animals and their bodily secretions, you pay for this too.
Is this who you really are? Is a momentary taste sensation a legitimate, ethical justification for this cruelty? Is this who you really are? LOOK INSIDE THE DUMPSTER AND THEN LOOK AT YOURSELF IN THE MIRROR. Please choose compassion. Please choose plant-based food.
ARE YOU OKAY WITH PEOPLE WHO EAT DOGS?
Please take a moment to think about how morally inconsistent it is to be angry at people in another country for their treatment of animals, if you pay for the exact same treatment to happen to animals in your own country.
People get very angry about how dogs are tortured and slaughtered for food in other countries, but they support the same treatment of other animals in their own country——because they like the way their flesh and bodily secretions taste. What is the difference?
Chickens, cows, pigs and other animals are no different from dogs. These animals are just as sensitive, sweet, and unique as dogs are. They all seek attention and affection, form bonds with friends, care about their babies, feel emotions, can experience pain, and want to live.
Have you been culturally conditioned to believe that some animals deserve to be treated differently so that you may consume their flesh and bodily secretions? When and why did you make that distinction? And are you being fair and ethical? If you don’t want dogs to suffer, then is it morally consistent for you to contribute to the suffering of other animals?
These are difficult questions, and you may not want to think about them. But the truth is that hundreds of billions of sweet, gentle animals die after lives of agony and torture. Most of them never see the sun, or have the ability to turn around for their entire lives, before being brutally slaughtered with no pain relief.
A measure of human moral progress is how we treat the innocent and helpless, and no one is more innocent and helpless than docile, vulnerable, gentle animals.
The good news is that there are many delicious, healthy alternatives to flesh, organs, and bodily secretions, and that you don’t need to consume animals or their bodily secretions in order to be healthy.
Once you understand that animal consumption is not a requirement for good health, and if you have access to nutritious plant-based foods, then the choice to continue supporting the meat, dairy, and egg industries is a conscious decision to harm and kill animals for pleasure and self-indulgence——simply because you like the way something tastes.
Please engage in some critical thinking about your choices. You may not like the way it makes you feel, but because animal agriculture detrimentally affects other living, sentient beings, supporting that industry should at least be questioned, no matter how uncomfortable it makes you feel.
The bottom line is that humans can behave morally, think rationally, and live happy and healthy lives without consuming animals or their bodily secretions. Please think about it and open your heart.
DO YOU HAVE COMPASSION?
Please look at this face. He is a terrified, emotional individual who doesn’t want to die. Could you slaughter him yourself? Of course not. That’s not who you are. That’s why you immediately felt compassion when you saw his face.
So then, how do you avoid accepting responsibility for his suffering and slaughter when you eat bacon? How do you shut off your compassion for a momentary taste sensation? Is that who you really are?
You know that pigs, cows, turkeys, and chickens are fundamentally no different from dogs, cats, parrots, and horses. All of these animals have intrinsic value, seek attention and affection, form bonds with friends, care about their babies, feel emotions, can experience pain, and want to live.
People prefer to dismiss the fact that their “food” was actually a living being rather than face their complicity and responsibility in the cruelty and slaughter. Acknowledging that your “food” came from someone who suffered and died means accepting that you indirectly caused the suffering, that you were misinformed by people you love and respect, that you were duped by corporate propaganda and lies, and that you fiercely defended your choices and denied anything contrary——until you wake up and face the reality.
Of course, you will have to face hardcore truths about what you have been supporting, which will make you feel guilty. Obviously, people don’t want to deal with the appalling realization that they have been responsible for pain, misery, suffering, and terror inflicted on gentle, harmless animals. But pretending it isn’t happening isn’t going to make it stop. You simply have to make the decision to stop being a part of it.
TURKEYS ARE EMOTIONAL INDIVIDUALS WITH CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEMS
While you are expressing gratitude this Thanksgiving, please open your heart, and refrain from harming and killing others for tradition and taste pleasure.
Turkeys are sentient beings, just like humans and dogs. Sentience is the ability to feel emotions, to perceive surroundings, and to experience life as a fully self-aware individual. Turkeys are socially-complex beings, with feelings, and a strong sense that they are individuals. They want to live. They want to avoid suffering and death. They fight for their lives just as we would if someone were trying to harm or kill us.
Turkeys have central nervous systems, just like humans and dogs, which means that they have the capacity to experience pain and suffering. Just like you and your companion animals, they want to form bonds with friends, to take care of their babies, and to experience love and affection.
All sentient beings have the right to live free from exploitation, harm, and slaughter by humans. Humans have the great fortune of being able to behave morally, to think rationally, and to live happy and healthy lives without consuming animals or their bodily secretions. Please choose compassion this Thanksgiving...and every day.
You can express gratitude for your life and blessings without harming and killing others.
DO YOU KNOW HOW TURKEYS & CHICKENS ARE SLAUGHTERED?
Many people believe that we have laws protecting animals who are killed to become human food, but that’s not the case for birds, which represent over 98% of land animals who are slaughtered for human food.
The United States Department of Agriculture’s interpretation of the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act is that it does not apply to birds, and therefore, turkeys and chickens are excluded. In the U.S., there are no federal laws that protect birds at all. The following method of killing birds is the industry standard in the U.S. and around the world. This slaughter method is considered humane. Over 9 billion birds are killed for human food each year in the U.S.; over 50 billion are killed annually worldwide.
Turkeys and chickens are forced into shackles, hanging upside down, and then they are moved through a vat of electrified water, which is intended to paralyze them before their necks are slit by an industrial blade. This method does not render all of them unconscious before they are killed, often because they are flapping around and struggling in agony, which means that hundreds of millions of them have their throats slit while they are still conscious. Even if only 1% of these birds are not effectively stunned into unconsciousness, that means that in the U.S., more than 90 million of them are paralyzed but still fully awake, experiencing intense torture as their dangling, paralyzed bodies move slowly down the line.
If the killing blade misses their necks, which happens occasionally, they are dropped alive into the scalding water of the defeathering tanks. The U.S. Department of Agriculture itself estimates that hundreds of thousands of birds are boiled alive every year because they manage to survive until they are dropped into the scalding water.
But this slaughter method is “humane.”
Think about all of that suffering. Now multiply that suffering to include the 50 BILLION birds who suffer and die this way annually worldwide. How can you enjoy eating something that comes from such extreme pain and violence? Please, this Thanksgiving, start a new tradition... a tradition about gratitude and kindness that doesn’t involve suffering and slaughter. Then extend that ethical tradition to your daily life.
FISH & SEA LIFE
FISH ARE SENTIENT INDIVIDUALS
There is an abundance of evidence that fish feel pain and suffer just as much as other animals. Fish have central nervous systems, and they are sentient. They experience emotions, as well as pleasure, pain, and fear.
“Fish Feel is the first organization devoted to promoting the recognition of fish as sentient beings deserving of respect and compassion.
Fish Feel primarily serves to help educate the public as to why these animals are deserving of our admiration and appreciation, the immense problems caused by the exploitation of them, and how we can help them.”
FISH FEEL PAIN
“Fish have nerves, as we do, to detect the elements that cause pain—heat, chemicals, and pressure.
Fish have nerve receptors that detect painful events.
Pain signals are sent to higher brain areas.
Pain receptors are similar to amphibians, birds, and mammals.
The three types of pain receptors in people are also in fish.
Fish pain sensitivity is comparable to humans.
In an experiment, 22 pain receptors were found on the face of rainbow trout. Neural activity was recorded from single cells in the face when either a mechanical probe, heat, or a weak acid was applied. THE FISH NERVE ENDINGS ON THE FACE WERE ACTUALLY MORE SENSITIVE, WHEN PRESSURE WAS APPLIED, THAN THOSE IN HUMANS, AND WERE MORE SENSITIVE THAN OUR EYES. (Braithwaite, 2003).”
Abstract: “Nociception is the detection of a noxious tissue-damaging stimulus and is sometimes accompanied by a reflex response such as withdrawal. Pain perception, as distinct from nociception, has been demonstrated in birds and mammals but has not been systematically studied in lower vertebrates. We assessed whether a fish possessed cutaneous nociceptors capable of detecting noxious stimuli and whether its behaviour was sufficiently adversely affected by the administration of a noxious stimulus. Electrophysiological recordings from trigeminal nerves identified polymodal nociceptors on the head of the trout with physiological properties similar to those described in higher vertebrates. These receptors responded to mechanical pressure, temperatures in the noxious range (more than 40 degrees C) and 1% acetic acid, a noxious substance. In higher vertebrates nociceptive nerves are either A-delta or C fibres with C fibres being the predominating fibre type. However, in the rainbow trout A-delta fibres were most common, and this offers insights into the evolution of nociceptive systems. Administration of noxious substances to the lips of the trout affected both the physiology and the behaviour of the animal and resulted in a significant increase in opercular beat rate and the time taken to resume feeding, as well as anomalous behaviours. This study provides significant evidence of nociception in teleost fishes and furthermore demonstrates that behaviour and physiology are affected over a prolonged period of time, suggesting discomfort.” [See the study HERE.]
FISH HAVE EXTREMELY SENSITIVE PAIN RECEPTORS
“In humans and other higher vertebrates, there are two types of nerve fibers used in pain transmission:
‘A’ fibers that transmit pain signals quickly, involved in the fast, pricking sensation of pain
‘C’ fibers that transmit pain signals slowly, involved in aching pain
In vertebrates, including fish and humans, the trigeminal nerve (the fifth cranial nerve), conveys sensory signal information from the head and mouth to the brain. In one experiment, in Scotland, rainbow trout were deeply anaesthetized. The head was operated on to expose the trigeminal nerve, which was stimulated by very fine wire, heat and chemicals. The research found both of these fiber types (Sneddon, 2006).” [See the study HERE.]
“Russian scientists recorded the responses of various fish to painful electrical shocks, which caused their tails to jerk. They were then given painkillers, followed by further shocks. Painkillers reduced the tail jerks by up to 89%. The most sensitive areas to pain were the tail and pectoral fins, skin around the eye, and olfactory sacs. Pain sensitivity was found to be comparable to humans (Chervova and Lapshin, 2004).” [See the study HERE.]
“In research carried out at Manchester University in England, the face of the trout was stimulated while responses in the trigeminal nerve in the brain were recorded. It was found that skin receptors of trout are more sensitive to mechanical stimulus than mammals and birds. It was conjectured that this is because fish are continuously exposed to water pressure, bacteria and fungi. Fish were also pain-sensitive to lower thresholds of heat than mammals (Ashley, 2007).” [See the study HERE.]
For more information on scientific research and studies regarding fish pain, please visit Fish Pain.